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Torbeyns, Joke; Verschaffel, Lieven – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2016
This study analyzed children's use of mental computation strategies and the standard algorithm on multi-digit subtractions. Fifty-eight Flemish 4th graders of varying mathematical achievement level were individually offered subtractions that either stimulated the use of mental computation strategies or the standard algorithm in one choice and two…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Mathematical Logic, Subtraction, Grade 4
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Erdem, Emrullah – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2017
The current study examines the mental computation performance owned by students at fifth grade. This study was carried out with 118 fifth graders (11-12-year-olds) studying at 3 randomly selected primary schools that served low and middle socio-economic areas in a city of Turkey. "Mental Computation Test (MCT)" has been used to reach how…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries
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Whitacre, Ian – Journal of Mathematics Teacher Education, 2015
This study investigated the sets of mental computation strategies used by prospective elementary teachers to compute sums and differences of whole numbers. In the context of an intervention designed to improve the number sense of prospective elementary teachers, participants were interviewed pre/post, and their mental computation strategies were…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Mental Computation, Elementary Education, Numbers
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Gürbüz, Ramazan; Erdem, Emrullah – Cogent Education, 2016
Mental computation and mathematical reasoning are two intertwined top-level mental activities. In deciding which strategy to use when doing mental computing, mathematical reasoning is essential. From this reciprocal influence, the current study aims at examining the relationship between mental computation and mathematical reasoning. The study was…
Descriptors: Mathematical Logic, Thinking Skills, Mathematical Aptitude, Mental Computation
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Yang, Der-Ching; Huang, Ke-Lun – Journal of Educational Research, 2014
The authors compared the mental computation performance and mental strategies used by an experimental Grade 2 class and a control Grade 2 class before and after instructional intervention. Results indicate that students in the experimental group had better performance on mental computation. The use of mental strategies (counting, separation,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mental Computation, Grade 2, Intervention
Russo, James – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2015
In this article James Russo presents the Strategies, Understanding, Reading and Fast Facts Framework (SURF) for mental computation. He explains how this framework can be used to deepen mathematical understanding and build mental flexibility.
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Teaching Methods, Educational Strategies, Mathematics Achievement
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Liu, Allison S.; Kallai, Arava Y.; Schunn, Christian D.; Fiez, Julie A. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
Mathematical fluency is important for academic and mathematical success. Fluency training programs have typically focused on fostering retrieval, which leads to math performance that does not reliably transfer to non-trained problems. More recent studies have focused on training number understanding and representational precision, but few have…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Instruction, Transfer of Training
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Day, Lorraine; Hurrell, Derek – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2015
Lorraine Day and Derek Hurrell provide a convincing argument for using arrays to promote students' understandings of mental computation strategies for multiplication. They also provide a range of different examples that illustrate the benefits of arrays in the primary classroom.
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematical Concepts, Computation
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Naresh, Nirmala; Presmeg, Norma – PNA, 2012
Researchers who have carried out studies pertaining to mental computation and everyday mathematics point out that adults and children reason intuitively based upon experiences within specific contexts; they use invented strategies of their own to solve real-life problems. We draw upon research areas of mental computation and everyday mathematics…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Adults, Mathematics, Qualitative Research
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Torbeyns, Joke; Verschaffel, Lieven – Research in Mathematics Education, 2013
This study analysed children's use of mental computation strategies and standard written algorithms in the domain of multi-digit addition and subtraction, using the choice/no-choice method. Twenty-one Flemish fourth-graders (M[subscript Age] =9y10m) solved problem-items that either stimulated the use of mental computation strategies or a standard…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mathematics, Grade 4, Computation
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Naresh, Nirmala – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2015
Workplace mathematics, a subgroup of research on everyday mathematics and ethnomathematics documents the mathematical activities of both adults and children outside school settings. In this paper, I document the mental mathematical activities of a group of bus conductors in Chennai, India. I draw into the research areas of mental computation and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Workplace Literacy, Mathematics Activities, Mathematics Skills
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Heirdsfield, Ann Margaret – Young Children, 2011
Mental computation--that is, calculating in the head--is a relatively new topic in mathematics curricula for primary-age children. It is an important skill because it enables children to learn more deeply how numbers work, make decisions about procedures, and create strategies for calculating, thus promoting number sense--a well-developed…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Skills, Thinking Skills
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Kuldas, Seffetullah; Sinnakaudan, Santi; Hashim, Shahabuddin; Ghazali, Munirah – Education 3-13, 2017
Although the early development of children's number sense is a strong predictor of their later mathematics achievements, it has been overlooked in primary schools in Malaysia. Mainly attributable to underdeveloped number sense of Malaysian primary and secondary school children, their inability to handle simple mathematics tasks, which require the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Numbers, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Mathematics
Mardjetko, Emilia; Macpherson, Julie – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2007
Mathematical computation consists of both written computation and mental computation. The strategies for mental computation can be used to check the reasonableness of written computations. Mental computation has two distinguishing characteristics: "it produces an exact answer, and the procedure is performed mentally, without using external…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Teaching Methods, Foreign Countries, Primary Education
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Varol, Filiz; Farran, Dale – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2007
Mental computation helps children understand how numbers work, how to make decisions about procedures, and how to create different strategies to solve math problems. Although researchers agree on the importance of mental computation skills, they debate how to help students develop these skills. The present study explored the existing literature in…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Mental Computation, Cognitive Processes, Numeracy
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