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Yang, Der-Ching; Huang, Ke-Lun – Journal of Educational Research, 2014

The authors compared the mental computation performance and mental strategies used by an experimental Grade 2 class and a control Grade 2 class before and after instructional intervention. Results indicate that students in the experimental group had better performance on mental computation. The use of mental strategies (counting, separation,…

Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mental Computation, Grade 2, Intervention

Russo, James – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2015

In this article James Russo presents the Strategies, Understanding, Reading and Fast Facts Framework (SURF) for mental computation. He explains how this framework can be used to deepen mathematical understanding and build mental flexibility.

Descriptors: Mental Computation, Teaching Methods, Educational Strategies, Mathematics Achievement

Day, Lorraine; Hurrell, Derek – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2015

Lorraine Day and Derek Hurrell provide a convincing argument for using arrays to promote students' understandings of mental computation strategies for multiplication. They also provide a range of different examples that illustrate the benefits of arrays in the primary classroom.

Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematical Concepts, Computation

Heirdsfield, Ann Margaret – Young Children, 2011

Mental computation--that is, calculating in the head--is a relatively new topic in mathematics curricula for primary-age children. It is an important skill because it enables children to learn more deeply how numbers work, make decisions about procedures, and create strategies for calculating, thus promoting number sense--a well-developed…

Descriptors: Mental Computation, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Skills, Thinking Skills

Mardjetko, Emilia; Macpherson, Julie – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2007

Mathematical computation consists of both written computation and mental computation. The strategies for mental computation can be used to check the reasonableness of written computations. Mental computation has two distinguishing characteristics: "it produces an exact answer, and the procedure is performed mentally, without using external…

Descriptors: Mental Computation, Teaching Methods, Foreign Countries, Primary Education

Heirdsfield, Ann – International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 2005

This paper reports the teacher actions that promoted the development of students' mental computation. A Year 3 teacher engaged her class in developing mental computation strategies over a ten-week period. Two overarching issues that appeared to support learning were establishing connections and encouraging strategic thinking. (Contains 2 figures.)…

Descriptors: Mental Computation, Teacher Role, Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods

Buchholz, Lisa M. – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2016

Several detours prompted me to find time in an overcrowded school day to incorporate important, powerful, daily, whole-class application of fact strategies. A few years ago, I embarked on a journey with my second graders, a journey through the strategies for mental computation of addition and subtraction facts. The focus of that journey was to…

Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Grade 2, Computation

Muir, Tracey; Callingham, Rosemary; Beswick, Kim – Journal of Digital Learning in Teacher Education, 2016

This article presents a case study of one particular lesson in which a teacher uses the features of an interactive whiteboard (IWB) to teach mental computation strategies to a Grade 1 class. The framework of Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) is used to evaluate the teacher's use of the IWB to teach mathematical concepts to young…

Descriptors: Case Studies, Grade 1, Mathematics Instruction, Technological Literacy

Bobis, Janette – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2007

This article explores the origins and potential benefits of the empty number line for the development of mental computation. It also provides a learner's perspective of its use through the reflections of nine-year-old Emily. (Contains 3 figures.)

Descriptors: Mental Computation, Number Concepts, Elementary School Students, Student Attitudes

Mack, Nancy K. – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2011

Exploring number systems of other cultures can be an enjoyable learning experience that enriches students' knowledge of numbers and number systems in important ways. It helps students deepen mental computation fluency, knowledge of place value, and equivalent representations for numbers. This article describes how the author designed her…

Descriptors: Number Systems, Mental Computation, Number Concepts, Learning Experience

Pyke, Aryn A.; LeFevre, Jo-Anne – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2011

Why is subsequent recall sometimes better for self-generated answers than for answers obtained from an external source (e.g., calculator)? In this study, we explore the relative contribution of 2 processes, recall attempts and self-computation, to this "generation effect" (i.e., enhanced answer recall relative to when problems are practiced with a…

Descriptors: Mental Computation, Calculators, Arithmetic, Recall (Psychology)

Afamasaga-Fuata'i, Karoline; Sooaemalelagi, Lumaava – Journal of Mathematics Teacher Education, 2014

Based on findings from a semester-long study, this article examines the development of Samoan prospective teachers' mathematical understandings and mathematics attitudes when investigating authentic contexts and applying working mathematically processes, mental computations and problem-solving strategies to find solutions of problems. The…

Descriptors: Student Teachers, Student Teacher Attitudes, Foreign Countries, Learning Experience

Ineson, Gwen – Early Child Development and Care, 2007

This study examines the mental computation strategies used by pupils at the end of primary school. In 1998 a new strategy for teaching mathematics was introduced into British schools (the National Numeracy Strategy) that specifically focused on mental calculation. The first part of the study took place in 1999, one year after the implementation of…

Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Mathematics Instruction, Numeracy, Mathematics Curriculum

Caney, Annaliese – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2004

Facilitating mental computation discussion comes with its own set of challenges for researchers and teachers. It is important to be able to help capture the students' ideas, before they disappear and seem like little more than moments of magic! In enabling children to learn how numbers work, the current emphasis on mental computation is driven by…

Descriptors: Questioning Techniques, Testing, Mental Computation, Teachers

Kusuma, Josephine; Sulistiawati – Indonesian Mathematical Society Journal on Mathematics Education, 2014

Multiplication of numbers from 1 to 10 is very important as it provides the basis for learning multiplication of other larger numbers as well as other related mathematical operations. How do students learn multiplication? Usually students just memorize the results of multiplication. This is often performed without a complete comprehension of the…

Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Multiplication, Teaching Methods, Manipulative Materials