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Thompson, Ian – Mathematics Teaching, 2011
Ever since "mental arithmetic" was updated to "mental calculation," official documents have succeeded in perpetuating several basic misconceptions and misunderstandings about this topic. This situation does not augur well for the successful teaching of mental calculation strategies to young children. In this article, the author…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Arithmetic, Misconceptions, Mathematics Instruction
Novotna, Jarmila, Ed.; Moraova, Hana, Ed.; Kratka, Magdalena, Ed.; Stehlikova, Nad'a, Ed. – International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 2006
This document contains the third volume of the proceedings of the 30th Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education. Conference presentations are centered around the theme "Mathematics at the Centre." This volume features 60 research reports by presenters with last names beginning between Ead and Kou:…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, Low Achievement, Grade 1
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Murphy, Carol – British Educational Research Journal, 2011
Efforts to meet the needs of children's learning in arithmetic has led to an increased emphasis on the teaching of mental calculation strategies in England. This has included the adoption of didactical tools such as the empty number line (ENL) that was developed as part of the realistic mathematics movement in the Netherlands. It has been claimed…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Foreign Countries, Arithmetic, Educational Strategies
Sugarman, Ian – Mathematics Teaching Incorporating Micromath, 2007
At the heart of the debate about the place of standard arithmetic algorithms is the practice of teaching subtraction through decomposition. One welcome feature of the national numeracy strategy in both its initial and current incarnations has been the introduction of a focus upon a variety of mental strategies supported by jottings. In this…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Subtraction, Educational Strategies, Mental Computation
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St Clair-Thompson, Helen; Stevens, Ruth; Hunt, Alexandra; Bolder, Emma – Educational Psychology, 2010
Previous research has demonstrated close relationships between working memory and children's scholastic attainment. The aim of the present study was to explore a method of improving working memory, using memory strategy training. Two hundred and fifty-four children aged five to eight years were tested on measures of the phonological loop,…
Descriptors: Educational Practices, Short Term Memory, Arithmetic, Mnemonics
Latham, Dorothy – Mathematics Teaching Incorporating Micromath, 2007
In the renewed "Primary Framework for Mathematics" for England, great emphasis is given to calculation and its prerequisites (DfES, 2006). Expectations are increased for calculations and the recall of number facts, with mental calculation owning a higher profile, while progression in written calculation is clarified. The greater focus on…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Computation, Number Systems, Manipulative Materials
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Furnham, Adrian; Stephenson, Rebecca – Psychology of Music, 2007
The aim of this study was to ascertain the nature of the interaction between the affective value of musical distraction, personality type and performance on the cognitive tasks of reading comprehension, free recall, mental arithmetic and verbal reasoning in children aged 11-12 years. It was hypothesized that the cognitive performance of extraverts…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Music, Personality, Correlation
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Hitch, Graham J. – Cognitive Psychology, 1978
Two simple quantitative models were derived from a series of experiments which explored the role of information storage in working memory when performing mental arithmetic. The decay model is a tractable analysis of a complex task which assumes a decay process in working storage. Similar analyses are recommended for problem solving activities…
Descriptors: Addition, Adults, Arithmetic, Cognitive Processes