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Whitacre, Ian – Journal of Mathematics Teacher Education, 2015

This study investigated the sets of mental computation strategies used by prospective elementary teachers to compute sums and differences of whole numbers. In the context of an intervention designed to improve the number sense of prospective elementary teachers, participants were interviewed pre/post, and their mental computation strategies were…

Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Mental Computation, Elementary Education, Numbers

Peer reviewed

Reys, Barbara J. – Arithmetic Teacher, 1985

The history of mental computation in the elementary school curriculum is briefly described, followed by discussion of the benefits of mental computation. How thinking skills are enhanced is then illustrated. (MNS)

Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, History

Peer reviewed

Reys, Robert E., Ed.; Reys, Barbara J., Ed. – Arithmetic Teacher, 1986

Using factoring as an aid to mental multiplication is illustrated. Other suggestions for teaching mental computation are also included. (MNS)

Descriptors: Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction

Peer reviewed

Sowder, Judith T. – Arithmetic Teacher, 1990

Discusses mental computation and how and when it should be taught. Describes seven properties of mental algorithms. (YP)

Descriptors: Arithmetic, Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics

Peer reviewed

Reys, Robert E., Ed.; Reys, Barbara J., Ed. – Arithmetic Teacher, 1987

Use of compatible numbers resulting in easy mental computations is described, along with related teaching and testing tips. (MNS)

Descriptors: Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Estimation (Mathematics), Learning Activities

Peer reviewed

Reys, Robert E. – Arithmetic Teacher, 1985

This article calls attention to testing as an integral part of teaching mental computation. It begins with an overview of students' performance and is followed by some specific suggestions for testing mental computation skills in the classroom. (Author)

Descriptors: Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Education

Peer reviewed

Vale, Colleen – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 1999

Computation activities focusing on speed and accuracy do not provide children with the opportunity to learn or develop their own mental computation strategies. Sets out some goals and ideas for teaching mental computation and introduces a card game for helping children compute mentally. (ASK)

Descriptors: Computation, Educational Games, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics

Peer reviewed

Reys, Robert E., Ed.; Reys, Barbara J., Ed. – Arithmetic Teacher, 1986

Activities on estimation and mental computation are presented. Patterns on a hundred chart, an amazing fact, teaching and testing tips, and other references are included. (MNS)

Descriptors: Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Estimation (Mathematics), Learning Activities

Peer reviewed

Reys, Barbara J. – Arithmetic Teacher, 1986

What mental computation and estimation are, what is known from research about each process, and what can help students develop these skills are discussed. (MNS)

Descriptors: Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Estimation (Mathematics), Mathematics Instruction

Peer reviewed

Reys, Barbara J.; And Others – School Science and Mathematics, 1993

Examined elementary and junior high school students in grades 2, 5, and 7 to determine baseline data about student performance on mental computation. Reports performance levels, difficulties of different types of mental computation, and preferences for doing computations mentally, with calculators, or by hand for each grade level. (MDH)

Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students

Peer reviewed

Reys, Barbara J.; Reys, Robert E. – Arithmetic Teacher, 1986

After summing up the current status related to estimation and mental computation, what needs to be done to promote increased instruction on these topics is discussed. (MNS)

Descriptors: Editorials, Educational Change, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics

Peer reviewed

Reys, Robert E. – Elementary School Journal, 1984

Begins with a definition of mental computation and then provides an overview of its evolution during the twentieth century. Significant benefits from teaching mental computation are highlighted, along with a framework and guidelines for instructing elementary school students. A parallel discussion is also provided for computational estimation. (RH)

Descriptors: Computation, Elementary Education, Estimation (Mathematics), History

Mochon, Simon; Roman, Josueth Vasquez – Focus on Learning Problems in Mathematics, 1998

Explores students' abilities in mental computation, finds out the strategies they use most naturally, and develops a theoretical framework by giving 60 children a questionnaire and interviewing them on a series of arithmetic operations to be solved by mental computation. Generates a classification of children's strategies. Contains 31 references.…

Descriptors: Arithmetic, Classification, Computation, Elementary Education

Peer reviewed

Holmes, Emma E. – Arithmetic Teacher, 1975

Games for use in practicing rounding numbers and mental computation using tens and hundreds are described. The importance of estimation to computation is discussed. (SD)

Descriptors: Basic Skills, Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics

Reys, Barbara J.; Reys, Robert E. – 1993

While the emphasis and content of school mathematics differ little between Japan and America, by the time students reach junior high school, performance as measured by international studies differs greatly. This report provides a profile of the attitudes toward, strategies used, and performance on mental computation of Japanese students in grades…

Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries