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Reys, Barbara J.; Reys, Robert E. – 1993
While the emphasis and content of school mathematics differ little between Japan and America, by the time students reach junior high school, performance as measured by international studies differs greatly. This report provides a profile of the attitudes toward, strategies used, and performance on mental computation of Japanese students in grades…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
McIntosh, Alistair; And Others – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1995
Study of the performance of nearly 2,000 students in grades 2 through 9 on a variety of mental computation tasks using visual and oral presentation found a wide variation in performance within the sample of each country at each grade level. (33 references) (MKR)
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Computation, Cross Cultural Studies, Elementary School Students
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Reys, Robert E.; And Others – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 1995
Assessed attitude, computational preferences, and mental computational performance of 176, 187, 186, and 206 Japanese students in grades 2, 4, 6, and 8, respectively. Found wide ranges of performance on mental computation, that visual modes of presentation increased performance levels, and a narrow range of strategies. Contains assessments. (37…
Descriptors: Attitudes, Computation, Elementary School Students, Elementary Secondary Education
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Koyama, Masataka – Hiroshima Journal of Mathematics Education, 1994
Tests of computational estimation ability (CEA), strategy (CES), and mental computation ability (MCA) of (n=124) fourth, (n=143) fifth, and (n=84) sixth graders found significant relationships between CEA and MCA and between CEA and CES but not between MCA and CES. (12 references) (Author/MKR)
Descriptors: Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Estimation (Mathematics)
Katayama, Osamu – Look Japan, 1993
Discusses the efforts of one Japanese company that makes abaci to demonstrate that the abacus continues to be a feasible alternative as a calculator in the elementary school mathematics curriculum. Argues that the abacus improves number sense, mental computation, and mathematics achievement for students who use the abacus. (MDH)
Descriptors: Calculators, Computation, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries
Reys, Robert E.; Nohda, Nobuhiko – 1994
This book, written by participants of a joint Japan-United States seminar, drawing upon years of classroom and research experience, examines how computation applies in basic and far-reaching ways, starting in early childhood and continuing throughout individuals' lives. The book presents both the Japanese and American views of computational…
Descriptors: Calculators, Computation, Cross Cultural Studies, Elementary Secondary Education
Stigler, James W.; And Others – 1990
This study compared the results of group tests of computational skills and tests of knowledge and skills in mathematics between three groups of first and fifth grade students from the United States, Japan, and Taiwan. The battery of tests were constructed after reviewing the mathematics textbooks used in each location and discussing the major…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Comparative Education, Computation, Elementary Education