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Russo, James – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2015
In this article James Russo presents the Strategies, Understanding, Reading and Fast Facts Framework (SURF) for mental computation. He explains how this framework can be used to deepen mathematical understanding and build mental flexibility.
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Teaching Methods, Educational Strategies, Mathematics Achievement
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Day, Lorraine; Hurrell, Derek – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2015
Lorraine Day and Derek Hurrell provide a convincing argument for using arrays to promote students' understandings of mental computation strategies for multiplication. They also provide a range of different examples that illustrate the benefits of arrays in the primary classroom.
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematical Concepts, Computation
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Heirdsfield, Ann Margaret – Young Children, 2011
Mental computation--that is, calculating in the head--is a relatively new topic in mathematics curricula for primary-age children. It is an important skill because it enables children to learn more deeply how numbers work, make decisions about procedures, and create strategies for calculating, thus promoting number sense--a well-developed…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Skills, Thinking Skills
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Kuldas, Seffetullah; Sinnakaudan, Santi; Hashim, Shahabuddin; Ghazali, Munirah – Education 3-13, 2017
Although the early development of children's number sense is a strong predictor of their later mathematics achievements, it has been overlooked in primary schools in Malaysia. Mainly attributable to underdeveloped number sense of Malaysian primary and secondary school children, their inability to handle simple mathematics tasks, which require the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Numbers, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Mathematics
Mardjetko, Emilia; Macpherson, Julie – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2007
Mathematical computation consists of both written computation and mental computation. The strategies for mental computation can be used to check the reasonableness of written computations. Mental computation has two distinguishing characteristics: "it produces an exact answer, and the procedure is performed mentally, without using external…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Teaching Methods, Foreign Countries, Primary Education
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Buchholz, Lisa M. – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2016
Several detours prompted me to find time in an overcrowded school day to incorporate important, powerful, daily, whole-class application of fact strategies. A few years ago, I embarked on a journey with my second graders, a journey through the strategies for mental computation of addition and subtraction facts. The focus of that journey was to…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Grade 2, Computation
Ghazali, Munirah; Alias, Rohana; Ariffin, Noor Asrul Anuar; Ayub, Ayminsyadora – Journal of Science and Mathematics Education in Southeast Asia, 2010
This paper reports on a study to examine mental computation strategies used by Year 1, Year 2, and Year 3 students to solve addition and subtraction problems. The participants in this study were twenty five 7 to 9 year-old students identified as excellent, good and satisfactory in their mathematics performance from a school in Penang, Malaysia.…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Foreign Countries, Number Concepts, Subtraction
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Mack, Nancy K. – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2011
Exploring number systems of other cultures can be an enjoyable learning experience that enriches students' knowledge of numbers and number systems in important ways. It helps students deepen mental computation fluency, knowledge of place value, and equivalent representations for numbers. This article describes how the author designed her…
Descriptors: Number Systems, Mental Computation, Number Concepts, Learning Experience
Caney, Annaliese – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2004
Facilitating mental computation discussion comes with its own set of challenges for researchers and teachers. It is important to be able to help capture the students' ideas, before they disappear and seem like little more than moments of magic! In enabling children to learn how numbers work, the current emphasis on mental computation is driven by…
Descriptors: Questioning Techniques, Testing, Mental Computation, Teachers
Wong, Monica – Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia, 2010
Learning pathways capture the development of competence in a mathematical domain. They have been developed from empirical studies in the areas of mental computation and emergent numeracy concepts. These pathways afford teachers the opportunity to identify students' current levels of understanding, antecedent understandings and the steps that are…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Grade 3, Mathematics, Identification
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Parrish, Sherry D. – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2011
"Classroom number talks," five- to fifteen-minute conversations around purposefully crafted computation problems, are a productive tool that can be incorporated into classroom instruction to combine the essential processes and habits of mind of doing math. During number talks, students are asked to communicate their thinking when presenting and…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Classroom Environment, Teaching Methods, Thinking Skills
Chick, Helen – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2009
Fluency with basic number facts is vital for students' progress in mathematics. Not only does it contribute to students' facility with mental computation and algorithms, but an understanding of numbers and their properties builds a foundation for future mathematical work including algebra. There are many activities that can help students "make…
Descriptors: Numbers, Mental Computation, Number Concepts, Elementary School Mathematics
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Monari Martinez, Elisabetta; Benedetti, Nives – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 2011
The key questions are: is it true that persons with Down's syndrome can study mathematics only at a very elementary level? Might it be possible that their difficulties are mainly restricted to some fields, such as numeracy and mental computation, but do not encompass the entire domain of mathematics? Is the use of a calculator recommended? Is…
Descriptors: Familiarity, Numeracy, Mental Computation, Calculators
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Chesney, Marlene – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2013
Marlene Chesney describes a piece of research where the participants were asked to complete a calculation, 16 + 8, and then asked to describe how they solved it. The diversity of invented strategies will be of interest to teachers along with the recommendations that are made. So "how do 'you' solve 16 + 8?"
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mental Computation, Mathematical Logic, Addition
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Sowder, Judith T. – Arithmetic Teacher, 1990
Discusses mental computation and how and when it should be taught. Describes seven properties of mental algorithms. (YP)
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics
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