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Torbeyns, Joke; Verschaffel, Lieven – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2016
This study analyzed children's use of mental computation strategies and the standard algorithm on multi-digit subtractions. Fifty-eight Flemish 4th graders of varying mathematical achievement level were individually offered subtractions that either stimulated the use of mental computation strategies or the standard algorithm in one choice and two…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Mathematical Logic, Subtraction, Grade 4
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Erdem, Emrullah – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2017
The current study examines the mental computation performance owned by students at fifth grade. This study was carried out with 118 fifth graders (11-12-year-olds) studying at 3 randomly selected primary schools that served low and middle socio-economic areas in a city of Turkey. "Mental Computation Test (MCT)" has been used to reach how…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries
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Whitacre, Ian – Journal of Mathematics Teacher Education, 2015
This study investigated the sets of mental computation strategies used by prospective elementary teachers to compute sums and differences of whole numbers. In the context of an intervention designed to improve the number sense of prospective elementary teachers, participants were interviewed pre/post, and their mental computation strategies were…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Mental Computation, Elementary Education, Numbers
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Gürbüz, Ramazan; Erdem, Emrullah – Cogent Education, 2016
Mental computation and mathematical reasoning are two intertwined top-level mental activities. In deciding which strategy to use when doing mental computing, mathematical reasoning is essential. From this reciprocal influence, the current study aims at examining the relationship between mental computation and mathematical reasoning. The study was…
Descriptors: Mathematical Logic, Thinking Skills, Mathematical Aptitude, Mental Computation
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Yang, Der-Ching; Huang, Ke-Lun – Journal of Educational Research, 2014
The authors compared the mental computation performance and mental strategies used by an experimental Grade 2 class and a control Grade 2 class before and after instructional intervention. Results indicate that students in the experimental group had better performance on mental computation. The use of mental strategies (counting, separation,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mental Computation, Grade 2, Intervention
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Liu, Allison S.; Kallai, Arava Y.; Schunn, Christian D.; Fiez, Julie A. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
Mathematical fluency is important for academic and mathematical success. Fluency training programs have typically focused on fostering retrieval, which leads to math performance that does not reliably transfer to non-trained problems. More recent studies have focused on training number understanding and representational precision, but few have…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Instruction, Transfer of Training
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Naresh, Nirmala; Presmeg, Norma – PNA, 2012
Researchers who have carried out studies pertaining to mental computation and everyday mathematics point out that adults and children reason intuitively based upon experiences within specific contexts; they use invented strategies of their own to solve real-life problems. We draw upon research areas of mental computation and everyday mathematics…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Adults, Mathematics, Qualitative Research
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Torbeyns, Joke; Verschaffel, Lieven – Research in Mathematics Education, 2013
This study analysed children's use of mental computation strategies and standard written algorithms in the domain of multi-digit addition and subtraction, using the choice/no-choice method. Twenty-one Flemish fourth-graders (M[subscript Age] =9y10m) solved problem-items that either stimulated the use of mental computation strategies or a standard…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mathematics, Grade 4, Computation
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Naresh, Nirmala – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2015
Workplace mathematics, a subgroup of research on everyday mathematics and ethnomathematics documents the mathematical activities of both adults and children outside school settings. In this paper, I document the mental mathematical activities of a group of bus conductors in Chennai, India. I draw into the research areas of mental computation and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Workplace Literacy, Mathematics Activities, Mathematics Skills
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Varol, Filiz; Farran, Dale – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2007
Mental computation helps children understand how numbers work, how to make decisions about procedures, and how to create different strategies to solve math problems. Although researchers agree on the importance of mental computation skills, they debate how to help students develop these skills. The present study explored the existing literature in…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Mental Computation, Cognitive Processes, Numeracy
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Whitacre, Ian; Nickerson, Susan D. – Journal of Mathematics Teacher Education, 2016
We report on interview results from a classroom teaching experiment in a Number and Operations course for prospective elementary teachers. Improving the number sense of this population is an important goal for mathematics teacher education, and researchers have found this goal to be difficult to accomplish. In earlier work, we devised a local…
Descriptors: Interviews, Elementary School Teachers, Preservice Teachers, Numbers
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Sinnakaudan, Santi; Kuldas, Seffetullah; Hashim, Shahabuddin; Ghazali, Munirah – International Journal for Mathematics Teaching and Learning, 2016
This review examines reasons for Malaysian pupils' underperformance in solving mathematics problems that demand numerical estimation and mental computation. Their underdeveloped number sense appears to be the major reason. According to the Ministry of Education, the national mathematics curriculum is unlikely to account for this underachievement.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mathematics Achievement, Numbers, Computation
Heirdsfield, Ann – International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 2005
This paper reports the teacher actions that promoted the development of students' mental computation. A Year 3 teacher engaged her class in developing mental computation strategies over a ten-week period. Two overarching issues that appeared to support learning were establishing connections and encouraging strategic thinking. (Contains 2 figures.)…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Teacher Role, Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Muir, Tracey; Callingham, Rosemary; Beswick, Kim – Journal of Digital Learning in Teacher Education, 2016
This article presents a case study of one particular lesson in which a teacher uses the features of an interactive whiteboard (IWB) to teach mental computation strategies to a Grade 1 class. The framework of Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) is used to evaluate the teacher's use of the IWB to teach mathematical concepts to young…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Grade 1, Mathematics Instruction, Technological Literacy
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Ortiz, Enrique – International Journal for Mathematics Teaching and Learning, 2014
Students start to memorize arithmetic facts from early elementary school mathematics activities. Their fluency or lack of fluency with these facts could affect their efforts as they carry out mental calculations as adults. This study investigated participants' levels of brain activation and possible reasons for these levels as they solved…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Arithmetic, Problem Solving, Measurement Equipment
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