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Did you mean Mental competition?
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Erdem, Emrullah – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2017
The current study examines the mental computation performance owned by students at fifth grade. This study was carried out with 118 fifth graders (11-12-year-olds) studying at 3 randomly selected primary schools that served low and middle socio-economic areas in a city of Turkey. "Mental Computation Test (MCT)" has been used to reach how…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries
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Gürbüz, Ramazan; Erdem, Emrullah – Cogent Education, 2016
Mental computation and mathematical reasoning are two intertwined top-level mental activities. In deciding which strategy to use when doing mental computing, mathematical reasoning is essential. From this reciprocal influence, the current study aims at examining the relationship between mental computation and mathematical reasoning. The study was…
Descriptors: Mathematical Logic, Thinking Skills, Mathematical Aptitude, Mental Computation
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Chesney, Marlene – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2013
Marlene Chesney describes a piece of research where the participants were asked to complete a calculation, 16 + 8, and then asked to describe how they solved it. The diversity of invented strategies will be of interest to teachers along with the recommendations that are made. So "how do 'you' solve 16 + 8?"
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mental Computation, Mathematical Logic, Addition
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Chavez, Oscar; Reys, Robert; Jones, Dusty – Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School, 2005
Spatial visualization is an important skill that deserves instructional attention. Strong evidence supports the claim that "measures of mathematical ability tend to be strongly correlated with spatial ability" (Anderson 2000). Thus, there is every reason to believe that time spent helping students develop their spatial visualization skills will…
Descriptors: Visualization, Spatial Ability, Algebra, Mathematics Instruction
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Keiser, Jane M. – Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School, 2012
An interesting change has been occurring in the author's middle school mathematics classes. Some students have become creative, free-thinking inventors. If they have had little experience with an operation, they invent strategies of their own. Sometimes these strategies have been well informed and supported by strong mental math skills and a good…
Descriptors: Grade 8, Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Instruction, Middle School Students
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Liu, Ru-De; Ding, Yi; Xu, Le; Wang, Jia – Journal of Educational Research, 2017
The authors' aim was to examine the relation between two-digit mental multiplication and working memory. In Study 1, involving 30 fifth-grade students, we used digit span backward as an abbreviated measure of working memory. In Study 2, involving 41 fourth-grade students, working memory comprised measures of phonological loop, visuospatial…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Mental Computation, Multiplication, Elementary School Students
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Collins, Belva C.; Hager, Karen L.; Galloway, Carey Creech – Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 2011
The purpose of this investigation was to add functional content during core content instruction of language arts, science, and math. The investigation involved three middle school students with moderate disabilities who participated in the state's alternate assessment. During instruction using a constant time delay procedure to teach required…
Descriptors: Language Arts, Moderate Mental Retardation, Alternative Assessment, Core Curriculum
Novotna, Jarmila, Ed.; Moraova, Hana, Ed.; Kratka, Magdalena, Ed.; Stehlikova, Nad'a, Ed. – International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 2006
This document contains the second volume of the proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education. Conference presentations are centered around the theme "Mathematics at the Centre." This volume features 60 research reports by presenters with last names beginning between Abr…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Foreign Countries, Middle Schools, Textbooks
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Brez, Caitlin C.; Miller, Angela D.; Ramirez, Erin M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Numerical estimation has been used to study how children mentally represent numbers for many years (e.g., Siegler & Opfer, 2003). However, these studies have always presented children with positive numbers and positive number lines. Children's mental representation of negative numbers has never been addressed. The present study tested children…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Numeracy, Numbers, Grade 2
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Zambo, Ron – Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School, 2008
This article describes instructional activities designed to help students develop an understanding of the multiple relationships between fractions and percents and unit price as they develop their mental-math abilities. (Contains 4 figures.)
Descriptors: Mathematics Activities, Mathematical Concepts, Spreadsheets, Mathematics Instruction
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Colomer, Carla; Re, Anna M.; Miranda, Ana; Lucangeli, Daniela – Learning Disabilities: A Contemporary Journal, 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the specific numerical and calculation abilities of 28 children with ADHD without comorbid mathematical learning disabilities (LD), ranging from the 1st to the 5th grade of primary school, and to examine the stability or the development of the arithmetic profile. Our results showed that a high percentage of…
Descriptors: Numeracy, Computation, Mathematics Skills, Children
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Evans, Gary W.; Kim, Pilyoung; Ting, Albert H.; Tesher, Harris B.; Shannis, Dana – Developmental Psychology, 2007
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of cumulative risk exposure in concert with maternal responsiveness on physiological indicators of chronic stress in children and youth. Middle-school children exposed to greater accumulated psychosocial (e.g., family turmoil, poverty) and physical (e.g., crowding, substandard housing) risk…
Descriptors: Early Adolescents, Mental Computation, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Responsibility
Barnes, Tiffany, Ed.; Desmarais, Michel, Ed.; Romero, Cristobal, Ed.; Ventura, Sebastian, Ed. – International Working Group on Educational Data Mining, 2009
The Second International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM2009) was held at the University of Cordoba, Spain, on July 1-3, 2009. EDM brings together researchers from computer science, education, psychology, psychometrics, and statistics to analyze large data sets to answer educational research questions. The increase in instrumented…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Educational Research, Conferences (Gatherings), Foreign Countries
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Grünke, Matthias; Wilbert, Jürgen; Stegemann, Kim Calder – Learning Disabilities: A Contemporary Journal, 2013
This single-case study examined the effects of a graphic organizing strategy on the ability of children to improve their text comprehension abilities. Participants were six students between ten and fourteen years old with major problems in understanding what they read. The intervention intended to teach them to visually highlight key elements of a…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Reading Comprehension, Mental Retardation, Children
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Witzel, Bradley S.; Allsopp, David – Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School, 2007
Research is only beginning to show the benefits of the effective use of manipulatives with students who have disabilities. This article highlights how teachers can incorporate three manipulative instructional strategies to help students with high-incidence disabilities.
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Manipulative Materials, Special Education, Mathematics Instruction