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Did you mean Mental competition?
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Ineson, Gwen – Perspectives in Education, 2008
The mathematics curriculum in the United Kingdom (UK) has undergone radical changes, placing a particular focus on mental computation. Pupils are not taught written methods of computation until they are able to add and subtract any pair of two digit numbers mentally. Teacher education programmes in the UK have required adaptation to reflect these…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Mathematics Curriculum, Foreign Countries, Mental Computation
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Ruthven, Kenneth – British Educational Research Journal, 1998
Examines the use of mental, written, and calculator strategies of numerical computation by 56 upper primary students. Finds that students introduced to a "calculator-aware" curriculum make greater use of mental computation, particularly multiplication strategies based on distribution and compensation. Notes implications for models of…
Descriptors: Calculators, Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students
Novotna, Jarmila, Ed.; Moraova, Hana, Ed.; Kratka, Magdalena, Ed.; Stehlikova, Nad'a, Ed. – International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 2006
This document contains the second volume of the proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education. Conference presentations are centered around the theme "Mathematics at the Centre." This volume features 60 research reports by presenters with last names beginning between Abr…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Foreign Countries, Middle Schools, Textbooks
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Jones, Ian; Pratt, Dave – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 2012
Three studies explore arithmetic tasks that support both substitutive and basic relational meanings for the equals sign. The duality of meanings enabled children to engage meaningfully and purposefully with the structural properties of arithmetic statements in novel ways. Some, but not all, children were successful at the adapted task and were…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Arithmetic, Symbols (Mathematics), Equations (Mathematics)
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Muldoon, Kevin; Towse, John; Simms, Victoria; Perra, Oliver; Menzies, Victoria – Developmental Psychology, 2013
In response to claims that the quality (and in particular linearity) of children's mental representation of number acts as a constraint on number development, we carried out a longitudinal assessment of the relationships between number line estimation, counting, and mathematical abilities. Ninety-nine 5-year-olds were tested on 4 occasions at 3…
Descriptors: Numeracy, Intervals, Computation, Young Children
Thompson, Ian – Mathematics Teaching Incorporating Micromath, 2008
In the final article of a series of four, the author deconstructs the primary national strategy's approach to written division. The approach to division is divided into five stages: (1) mental division using partition; (2) short division of TU / U; (3) "expanded" method for HTU / U; (4) short division of HTU / U; and (5) long division.…
Descriptors: Computation, Mathematics Instruction, Arithmetic, Mental Computation
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Windfuhr, Kirsten; While, David; Hunt, Isabelle; Turnbull, Pauline; Lowe, Rebecca; Burns, Jimmy; Swinson, Nicola; Shaw, Jenny; Appleby, Louis; Kapur, Navneet – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2008
Background: Suicide is a leading cause of death among youths. Comparatively few studies have studied recent trends over time, or examined rates and characteristics of service contact in well-defined national samples. Methods: Data on general population suicides and mid-year population estimates were used to calculate suicide rates (per…
Descriptors: Health Services, Prevention, Mental Disorders, Mental Health
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Foxman, Derek; Beishuizen, Meindert – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 2002
Reanalyzes data obtained in 1987 on mental calculation strategies used by 11-year-olds in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Classifies mental strategies developed in the past decade in international research. Compares frequency and effectiveness of the strategies used by pupils of different levels of attainment. Discusses basic arithmetic…
Descriptors: Addition, Arithmetic, Basic Skills, Division
Thompson, Ian – Mathematics Teaching Incorporating Micromath, 2008
In this third of a series of four articles, the author deconstructs the primary national strategy's approach to written multiplication. The approach to multiplication, as set out on pages 12 to 15 of the primary national strategy's "Guidance paper" "Calculation" (DfES, 2007), is divided into six stages: (1) mental…
Descriptors: Computation, Multiplication, Teaching Methods, Mathematics Instruction
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Dykiert, Dominika; Gale, Catharine R.; Deary, Ian J. – Intelligence, 2009
This study investigated the possibility that apparent sex differences in IQ are at least partly created by the degree of sample restriction from the baseline population. We used a nationally representative sample, the 1970 British Cohort Study. Sample sizes varied from 6518 to 11,389 between data-collection sweeps. Principal components analysis of…
Descriptors: Psychological Testing, Cognitive Tests, Intelligence Quotient, Factor Analysis
Brooks, Greg; Hutchison, Dougal – Basic Skills Agency, 2002
In 1998 the authors published research with NFER (National Foundation for Educational Research) "Family Numeracy Adds Up" showing how parents and children had gained from fourteen pilot family numeracy programmes. It showed strong evidence of the double benefits of work with families. Children have an early boost in their learning and…
Descriptors: Numeracy, Peer Groups, Family Literacy, Followup Studies
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Thompson, Ian – European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 1995
Interviewed 59 2nd- and 44 3rd-year elementary school students concerning their solutions to arithmetic problems commensurate with their age and ability. The results indicate that as children progress through school, they continue to use counting as an important part of their problem-solving repertoire, combining counting skills in idiosyncratic…
Descriptors: Addition, Age Differences, Arithmetic, Computation
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Pratt, Nick – Cambridge Journal of Education, 2006
This article reports on the English National Numeracy Strategy (NNS) and, in particular, on the way in which children aged from 8- to 11-years-old view "interactive whole class teaching". A qualitative, grounded study of both teachers' and children's perceptions of interactive teaching was undertaken, making use of "video stimulated…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Student Attitudes, Teacher Student Relationship, Foreign Countries
Bove, Francis – 2003
This basic math skills teaching and learning guide contains practical advice and resources for British vocational teachers who have little formal mathematics education training and for beginning teachers. The document has five sections on these topics dealing with numeracy instruction: (1) overview of the basic skill and its application to other…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Adult Educators, Adult Students