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Torbeyns, Joke; Verschaffel, Lieven – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2016
This study analyzed children's use of mental computation strategies and the standard algorithm on multi-digit subtractions. Fifty-eight Flemish 4th graders of varying mathematical achievement level were individually offered subtractions that either stimulated the use of mental computation strategies or the standard algorithm in one choice and two…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Mathematical Logic, Subtraction, Grade 4
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Yang, Der-Ching; Huang, Ke-Lun – Journal of Educational Research, 2014
The authors compared the mental computation performance and mental strategies used by an experimental Grade 2 class and a control Grade 2 class before and after instructional intervention. Results indicate that students in the experimental group had better performance on mental computation. The use of mental strategies (counting, separation,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mental Computation, Grade 2, Intervention
Russo, James – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2015
In this article James Russo presents the Strategies, Understanding, Reading and Fast Facts Framework (SURF) for mental computation. He explains how this framework can be used to deepen mathematical understanding and build mental flexibility.
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Teaching Methods, Educational Strategies, Mathematics Achievement
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Liu, Allison S.; Kallai, Arava Y.; Schunn, Christian D.; Fiez, Julie A. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2015
Mathematical fluency is important for academic and mathematical success. Fluency training programs have typically focused on fostering retrieval, which leads to math performance that does not reliably transfer to non-trained problems. More recent studies have focused on training number understanding and representational precision, but few have…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Instruction, Transfer of Training
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Sinnakaudan, Santi; Kuldas, Seffetullah; Hashim, Shahabuddin; Ghazali, Munirah – International Journal for Mathematics Teaching and Learning, 2016
This review examines reasons for Malaysian pupils' underperformance in solving mathematics problems that demand numerical estimation and mental computation. Their underdeveloped number sense appears to be the major reason. According to the Ministry of Education, the national mathematics curriculum is unlikely to account for this underachievement.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mathematics Achievement, Numbers, Computation
Ghazali, Munirah; Alias, Rohana; Ariffin, Noor Asrul Anuar; Ayub, Ayminsyadora – Journal of Science and Mathematics Education in Southeast Asia, 2010
This paper reports on a study to examine mental computation strategies used by Year 1, Year 2, and Year 3 students to solve addition and subtraction problems. The participants in this study were twenty five 7 to 9 year-old students identified as excellent, good and satisfactory in their mathematics performance from a school in Penang, Malaysia.…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Foreign Countries, Number Concepts, Subtraction
Thomsen, Brian M. – ProQuest LLC, 2017
Too many students are entering post-secondary education lacking foundational mathematics skills that are critical to performance on placement examinations. As a result, students are forced to take remedial courses that are often non-credit bearing and hinder their progress toward graduation. Research suggests that a lack of number sense may…
Descriptors: Computation, Mathematics Achievement, High School Students, Disabilities
Wong, Monica – Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia, 2010
Learning pathways capture the development of competence in a mathematical domain. They have been developed from empirical studies in the areas of mental computation and emergent numeracy concepts. These pathways afford teachers the opportunity to identify students' current levels of understanding, antecedent understandings and the steps that are…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Grade 3, Mathematics, Identification
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Shen, Hong – Journal of the International Association of Special Education, 2006
The abacus is a calculating tool that has been used in Asia for thousands of years. Mental abacus calculation is a skill in which an abacus image in the mind is used without the actual physical manipulation of the abacus. Using this method, people can perform extremely rapid and accurate mental calculations. Research indicates that abacus training…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Moderate Mental Retardation, Mathematics Achievement, Mental Computation
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Reys, Barbara J.; And Others – School Science and Mathematics, 1993
Examined elementary and junior high school students in grades 2, 5, and 7 to determine baseline data about student performance on mental computation. Reports performance levels, difficulties of different types of mental computation, and preferences for doing computations mentally, with calculators, or by hand for each grade level. (MDH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students
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Robinson, Sheri L.; Skinner, Christopher H. – School Psychology Quarterly, 2002
Study extends research on the interspersal procedure using standardized mathematics subtests with different task demands. Results showed that the interspersal procedure enhanced academic performance on a Mental Computation subtest, but not a Multiplication subtest. Results indicate that the efficacy of the interspersal procedure is affected…
Descriptors: Difficulty Level, Evaluation Methods, Junior High Schools, Mathematics Achievement
Reys, Barbara J.; Reys, Robert E. – 1993
While the emphasis and content of school mathematics differ little between Japan and America, by the time students reach junior high school, performance as measured by international studies differs greatly. This report provides a profile of the attitudes toward, strategies used, and performance on mental computation of Japanese students in grades…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries
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Yakubova, Gulnoza; Bouck, Emily C. – Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 2014
Calculators are widely used in mathematics education, yet limited research examines the effects of calculators for students with mild intellectual disability. An alternating treatments design was used to study the effects of calculator types (i.e., scientific and graphing) on the mathematical performance (i.e., computation and word problems) of…
Descriptors: Mild Mental Retardation, Calculators, Educational Technology, Grade 5
McIntosh, Alistair; And Others – 1995
This study was conducted to obtain information related to mental computation from students in Years 3, 5, 7, and 9 in Western Australia. The numbers of subjects were 163, 163, 163 and 152 in years 3, 5, 7, and 9, respectively. The research was designed to provide three different perspectives of mental computation: (1) a survey of the kinds of…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Computation, Elementary School Students, Elementary Secondary Education
Weber, William B., Jr. – 1996
A major goal of instruction is for students to develop competence with numbers. This study attempts to determine the effect of instructional materials that develop number concepts and connect these concepts to mental computation procedures. The study used 16 classes of eighth-grade students and a pretest-posttest design with two treatment groups.…
Descriptors: Computation, Concept Formation, Grade 8, Interviews
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