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Erdem, Emrullah – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2017
The current study examines the mental computation performance owned by students at fifth grade. This study was carried out with 118 fifth graders (11-12-year-olds) studying at 3 randomly selected primary schools that served low and middle socio-economic areas in a city of Turkey. "Mental Computation Test (MCT)" has been used to reach how…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries
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Torbeyns, Joke; Verschaffel, Lieven – Research in Mathematics Education, 2013
This study analysed children's use of mental computation strategies and standard written algorithms in the domain of multi-digit addition and subtraction, using the choice/no-choice method. Twenty-one Flemish fourth-graders (M[subscript Age] =9y10m) solved problem-items that either stimulated the use of mental computation strategies or a standard…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mathematics, Grade 4, Computation
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Norton, Stephen – International Journal for Mathematics Teaching and Learning, 2012
Pedagogical reform in Australia over the last few decades has resulted in a reduced emphasis on the teaching of computational algorithms and a diversity of alternative mechanisms to teach students whole number computations. The effect of these changes upon student recording of whole number computations has had little empirical investigation. As…
Descriptors: Mathematics, Numbers, Foreign Countries, Educational Change
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Ineson, Gwen – Perspectives in Education, 2008
The mathematics curriculum in the United Kingdom (UK) has undergone radical changes, placing a particular focus on mental computation. Pupils are not taught written methods of computation until they are able to add and subtract any pair of two digit numbers mentally. Teacher education programmes in the UK have required adaptation to reflect these…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Mathematics Curriculum, Foreign Countries, Mental Computation
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Parrish, Sherry D. – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2011
"Classroom number talks," five- to fifteen-minute conversations around purposefully crafted computation problems, are a productive tool that can be incorporated into classroom instruction to combine the essential processes and habits of mind of doing math. During number talks, students are asked to communicate their thinking when presenting and…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Classroom Environment, Teaching Methods, Thinking Skills
Heirdsfield, Ann – 2000
Literature at national and international levels argues the importance of including mental computation in a mathematics curriculum that promotes number sense. However, mental computation does not feature in importance in the current Queensland mathematics syllabus documents. Hopefully, with the writing of a new mathematics syllabus, mental…
Descriptors: Addition, Arithmetic, Foreign Countries, Grade 3
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Shen, Hong – Journal of the International Association of Special Education, 2006
The abacus is a calculating tool that has been used in Asia for thousands of years. Mental abacus calculation is a skill in which an abacus image in the mind is used without the actual physical manipulation of the abacus. Using this method, people can perform extremely rapid and accurate mental calculations. Research indicates that abacus training…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Moderate Mental Retardation, Mathematics Achievement, Mental Computation
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Reys, Robert E. – Arithmetic Teacher, 1985
This article calls attention to testing as an integral part of teaching mental computation. It begins with an overview of students' performance and is followed by some specific suggestions for testing mental computation skills in the classroom. (Author)
Descriptors: Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Education
Bobis, Janette – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2007
Drawing upon research, theory, classroom and personal experiences, this paper focuses on the development of primary-aged children's computational fluency. It emphasises the critical links between number sense and a child's ability to perform mental and written computation. The case of multi-digit multiplication is used to illustrate these…
Descriptors: Computation, Mathematics Education, Primary Education, Mental Computation
Weber, William B., Jr. – Focus on Learning Problems in Mathematics, 1999
Discusses overall mental computation achievement and limits discussion to strategies middle school students used when computing with whole numbers, decimals, and fractions. Suggests that the development of conceptual knowledge of numbers is an important prerequisite for the understanding of mental computation procedures. (Contains 31 references.)…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Computation, Decimal Fractions, Fractions
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Reys, Barbara J.; And Others – School Science and Mathematics, 1993
Examined elementary and junior high school students in grades 2, 5, and 7 to determine baseline data about student performance on mental computation. Reports performance levels, difficulties of different types of mental computation, and preferences for doing computations mentally, with calculators, or by hand for each grade level. (MDH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students
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Reys, Robert E. – Elementary School Journal, 1984
Begins with a definition of mental computation and then provides an overview of its evolution during the twentieth century. Significant benefits from teaching mental computation are highlighted, along with a framework and guidelines for instructing elementary school students. A parallel discussion is also provided for computational estimation. (RH)
Descriptors: Computation, Elementary Education, Estimation (Mathematics), History
Mochon, Simon; Roman, Josueth Vasquez – Focus on Learning Problems in Mathematics, 1998
Explores students' abilities in mental computation, finds out the strategies they use most naturally, and develops a theoretical framework by giving 60 children a questionnaire and interviewing them on a series of arithmetic operations to be solved by mental computation. Generates a classification of children's strategies. Contains 31 references.…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Classification, Computation, Elementary Education
Reys, Barbara J.; Reys, Robert E. – 1993
While the emphasis and content of school mathematics differ little between Japan and America, by the time students reach junior high school, performance as measured by international studies differs greatly. This report provides a profile of the attitudes toward, strategies used, and performance on mental computation of Japanese students in grades…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries
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Hampel, Paul J. – Arithmetic Teacher, 1984
A program is given which offers students a chance to practice mental computation and judge the effects of various rules for formating output. (MNS)
Descriptors: Computer Oriented Programs, Computer Software, Elementary Secondary Education, Mathematics Education
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