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Erdem, Emrullah – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2017
The current study examines the mental computation performance owned by students at fifth grade. This study was carried out with 118 fifth graders (11-12-year-olds) studying at 3 randomly selected primary schools that served low and middle socio-economic areas in a city of Turkey. "Mental Computation Test (MCT)" has been used to reach how…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries
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Gürbüz, Ramazan; Erdem, Emrullah – Cogent Education, 2016
Mental computation and mathematical reasoning are two intertwined top-level mental activities. In deciding which strategy to use when doing mental computing, mathematical reasoning is essential. From this reciprocal influence, the current study aims at examining the relationship between mental computation and mathematical reasoning. The study was…
Descriptors: Mathematical Logic, Thinking Skills, Mathematical Aptitude, Mental Computation
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Mack, Nancy K. – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2011
Exploring number systems of other cultures can be an enjoyable learning experience that enriches students' knowledge of numbers and number systems in important ways. It helps students deepen mental computation fluency, knowledge of place value, and equivalent representations for numbers. This article describes how the author designed her…
Descriptors: Number Systems, Mental Computation, Number Concepts, Learning Experience
Wong, Monica – Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia, 2010
Learning pathways capture the development of competence in a mathematical domain. They have been developed from empirical studies in the areas of mental computation and emergent numeracy concepts. These pathways afford teachers the opportunity to identify students' current levels of understanding, antecedent understandings and the steps that are…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Grade 3, Mathematics, Identification
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Liu, Fuchang – School Science and Mathematics, 2009
Four hundred and three 3rd- and 5th-grade Chinese students took the Multiplication Estimation Test or participated in the interview on it, designed to assess their computational estimation performance on whole-number multiplication. Students perform better when tasks are presented visually than orally. Third graders tend to use rounding based…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Grade 5, Grade 3, Arithmetic
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Yakubova, Gulnoza; Bouck, Emily C. – Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 2014
Calculators are widely used in mathematics education, yet limited research examines the effects of calculators for students with mild intellectual disability. An alternating treatments design was used to study the effects of calculator types (i.e., scientific and graphing) on the mathematical performance (i.e., computation and word problems) of…
Descriptors: Mild Mental Retardation, Calculators, Educational Technology, Grade 5
Parrish, Sherry – Math Solutions, 2010
"Number Talks" is: (1) A five- to fifteen-minute classroom conversation around purposefully crafted computation problems that are solved mentally; and (2) The best part of a teacher's day. Whether you want to implement number talks but are unsure of how to begin or have experience but want more guidance in crafting purposeful problems, this…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Mental Computation, Mathematics Skills, Video Technology
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Zhu, Liqi; Gigerenzer, Gerd – Cognition, 2006
Can children reason the Bayesian way? We argue that the answer to this question depends on how numbers are represented, because a representation can do part of the computation. We test, for the first time, whether Bayesian reasoning can be elicited in children by means of natural frequencies. We show that when information was presented to fourth,…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Probability, Bayesian Statistics, Intermediate Grades
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Liu, Ru-De; Ding, Yi; Xu, Le; Wang, Jia – Journal of Educational Research, 2017
The authors' aim was to examine the relation between two-digit mental multiplication and working memory. In Study 1, involving 30 fifth-grade students, we used digit span backward as an abbreviated measure of working memory. In Study 2, involving 41 fourth-grade students, working memory comprised measures of phonological loop, visuospatial…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Mental Computation, Multiplication, Elementary School Students
Novotna, Jarmila, Ed.; Moraova, Hana, Ed.; Kratka, Magdalena, Ed.; Stehlikova, Nad'a, Ed. – International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 2006
This document contains the second volume of the proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education. Conference presentations are centered around the theme "Mathematics at the Centre." This volume features 60 research reports by presenters with last names beginning between Abr…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Foreign Countries, Middle Schools, Textbooks
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Colomer, Carla; Re, Anna M.; Miranda, Ana; Lucangeli, Daniela – Learning Disabilities: A Contemporary Journal, 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the specific numerical and calculation abilities of 28 children with ADHD without comorbid mathematical learning disabilities (LD), ranging from the 1st to the 5th grade of primary school, and to examine the stability or the development of the arithmetic profile. Our results showed that a high percentage of…
Descriptors: Numeracy, Computation, Mathematics Skills, Children
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O'Rourke, John; Main, Susan; Ellis, Michelle – Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 2013
A Chinese proverb suggests "Tell me and I'll forget; show me and I may remember; involve me and I'll understand." How to involve or engage today's learner is at the forefront of much educational research and was the impetus for the study reported herein. This study explored the perceptions of Year 4/5 students from nine separate schools…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mathematics Skills, Educational Research, Self Esteem
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Huffman, Lisa F.; Fletcher, Kathryn, L.; Bray, Norman W.; Grupe, Lisa A. – Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities, 2004
This microgenetic study investigated similarities and differences in use and discovery of addition strategies in children with and without mild mental retardation across 24 sessions. Nine children with mild mental retardation in third through fifth grade classrooms and 14 children without mental retardation in kindergarten classrooms were tested…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Mild Mental Retardation, Arithmetic, Mathematics Skills
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Grünke, Matthias; Wilbert, Jürgen; Stegemann, Kim Calder – Learning Disabilities: A Contemporary Journal, 2013
This single-case study examined the effects of a graphic organizing strategy on the ability of children to improve their text comprehension abilities. Participants were six students between ten and fourteen years old with major problems in understanding what they read. The intervention intended to teach them to visually highlight key elements of a…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Reading Comprehension, Mental Retardation, Children
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Robinson, Katherine M.; Arbuthnott, Katherine D.; Rose, Danica; McCarron, Michelle C.; Globa, Carin A.; Phonexay, Sylvia D. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2006
Age-related changes in children's performance on simple division problems (e.g., 6 divided by 2, 72 divided by 9) were investigated by asking children in Grades 4 through 7 to solve 32 simple division problems. Differences in performance were found across grade, with younger children performing more slowly and less accurately than older children.…
Descriptors: Intermediate Grades, Grade 4, Grade 5, Grade 6