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McIntosh, Alistair; And Others – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1995
Study of the performance of nearly 2,000 students in grades 2 through 9 on a variety of mental computation tasks using visual and oral presentation found a wide variation in performance within the sample of each country at each grade level. (33 references) (MKR)
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Computation, Cross Cultural Studies, Elementary School Students
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Speiser, Robert; Schneps, Matthew H.; Heffner-Wong, Amanda; Miller, Jaimie L.; Sonnert, Gerhard – Journal of Mathematical Behavior, 2012
In school, at least in the US, we were taught to multiply by hand according to a standard algorithm. Most people find that algorithm difficult to use, and many children fail to learn it. We propose a new way to make sense of this difficulty: to treat explicit computation as perceptually supported physical and mental action. Based on recent work in…
Descriptors: Evidence, Mathematics, Urban Schools, Short Term Memory
Reys, Robert E.; Nohda, Nobuhiko – 1994
This book, written by participants of a joint Japan-United States seminar, drawing upon years of classroom and research experience, examines how computation applies in basic and far-reaching ways, starting in early childhood and continuing throughout individuals' lives. The book presents both the Japanese and American views of computational…
Descriptors: Calculators, Computation, Cross Cultural Studies, Elementary Secondary Education
Novotna, Jarmila, Ed.; Moraova, Hana, Ed.; Kratka, Magdalena, Ed.; Stehlikova, Nad'a, Ed. – International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 2006
This document contains the second volume of the proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education. Conference presentations are centered around the theme "Mathematics at the Centre." This volume features 60 research reports by presenters with last names beginning between Abr…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Foreign Countries, Middle Schools, Textbooks