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Showing 1 to 15 of 51 results Save | Export
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Gürbüz, Ramazan; Erdem, Emrullah – Cogent Education, 2016
Mental computation and mathematical reasoning are two intertwined top-level mental activities. In deciding which strategy to use when doing mental computing, mathematical reasoning is essential. From this reciprocal influence, the current study aims at examining the relationship between mental computation and mathematical reasoning. The study was…
Descriptors: Mathematical Logic, Thinking Skills, Mathematical Aptitude, Mental Computation
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Heirdsfield, Ann Margaret – Young Children, 2011
Mental computation--that is, calculating in the head--is a relatively new topic in mathematics curricula for primary-age children. It is an important skill because it enables children to learn more deeply how numbers work, make decisions about procedures, and create strategies for calculating, thus promoting number sense--a well-developed…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Skills, Thinking Skills
Heirdsfield, Ann – International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 2005
This paper reports the teacher actions that promoted the development of students' mental computation. A Year 3 teacher engaged her class in developing mental computation strategies over a ten-week period. Two overarching issues that appeared to support learning were establishing connections and encouraging strategic thinking. (Contains 2 figures.)…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Teacher Role, Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Buchholz, Lisa M. – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2016
Several detours prompted me to find time in an overcrowded school day to incorporate important, powerful, daily, whole-class application of fact strategies. A few years ago, I embarked on a journey with my second graders, a journey through the strategies for mental computation of addition and subtraction facts. The focus of that journey was to…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Grade 2, Computation
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Ineson, Gwen – Perspectives in Education, 2008
The mathematics curriculum in the United Kingdom (UK) has undergone radical changes, placing a particular focus on mental computation. Pupils are not taught written methods of computation until they are able to add and subtract any pair of two digit numbers mentally. Teacher education programmes in the UK have required adaptation to reflect these…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Mathematics Curriculum, Foreign Countries, Mental Computation
Heirdsfield, Ann M. – International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 2003
The focus of this study was to investigate mental computation conceptual frameworks that Heirdsfield (2001c) formulated to explain the difference between proficient (accurate and flexible) mental computers and accurate (but not flexible) mental computers. A further aim was to explore the potential for students' developing efficient mental…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Mathematical Logic, Mathematics Instruction, Cognitive Processes
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Parrish, Sherry D. – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2011
"Classroom number talks," five- to fifteen-minute conversations around purposefully crafted computation problems, are a productive tool that can be incorporated into classroom instruction to combine the essential processes and habits of mind of doing math. During number talks, students are asked to communicate their thinking when presenting and…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Classroom Environment, Teaching Methods, Thinking Skills
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Miller, David J.; Robertson, Derek P. – British Journal of Educational Technology, 2010
It is known that computer games are motivating for children, but there is limited direct evidence of their effects on classroom learning. The aim of this exploratory study was to investigate the effects of a commercial off-the-shelf computer game on children's mental computation skills and on aspects of self-perceptions. A pre-post design was…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Mental Computation, Brain, Learning Strategies
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Chavez, Oscar; Reys, Robert; Jones, Dusty – Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School, 2005
Spatial visualization is an important skill that deserves instructional attention. Strong evidence supports the claim that "measures of mathematical ability tend to be strongly correlated with spatial ability" (Anderson 2000). Thus, there is every reason to believe that time spent helping students develop their spatial visualization skills will…
Descriptors: Visualization, Spatial Ability, Algebra, Mathematics Instruction
Bobis, Janette – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2007
Drawing upon research, theory, classroom and personal experiences, this paper focuses on the development of primary-aged children's computational fluency. It emphasises the critical links between number sense and a child's ability to perform mental and written computation. The case of multi-digit multiplication is used to illustrate these…
Descriptors: Computation, Mathematics Education, Primary Education, Mental Computation
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Dietz, Charles – Perspectives in Education and Deafness, 1993
Strategies for rapid mental computation are explained, including multiplying by 11 (or 21, 31, etc.); adding columns of numbers; and multiplying 2-digit numbers. Rapid mental computation is suggested as a motivator for investigating the underlying mathematical principles. (DB)
Descriptors: Algorithms, Computation, Elementary Secondary Education, Learning Strategies
Reys, Barbara J.; Reys, Robert E. – 1993
While the emphasis and content of school mathematics differ little between Japan and America, by the time students reach junior high school, performance as measured by international studies differs greatly. This report provides a profile of the attitudes toward, strategies used, and performance on mental computation of Japanese students in grades…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries
Parrish, Sherry – Math Solutions, 2010
"Number Talks" is: (1) A five- to fifteen-minute classroom conversation around purposefully crafted computation problems that are solved mentally; and (2) The best part of a teacher's day. Whether you want to implement number talks but are unsure of how to begin or have experience but want more guidance in crafting purposeful problems, this…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Mental Computation, Mathematics Skills, Video Technology
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Zhu, Liqi; Gigerenzer, Gerd – Cognition, 2006
Can children reason the Bayesian way? We argue that the answer to this question depends on how numbers are represented, because a representation can do part of the computation. We test, for the first time, whether Bayesian reasoning can be elicited in children by means of natural frequencies. We show that when information was presented to fourth,…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Probability, Bayesian Statistics, Intermediate Grades
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Litt, Abninder; Eliasmith, Chris; Kroon, Frederick W.; Weinstein, Steven; Thagard, Paul – Cognitive Science, 2006
We argue that computation via quantum mechanical processes is irrelevant to explaining how brains produce thought, contrary to the ongoing speculations of many theorists. First, quantum effects do not have the temporal properties required for neural information processing. Second, there are substantial physical obstacles to any organic…
Descriptors: Computation, Brain, Quantum Mechanics, Cognitive Processes
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