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ERIC Number: EJ1138321
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 69
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: EISSN-2331-186X
Relationship between Mental Computation and Mathematical Reasoning
Gürbüz, Ramazan; Erdem, Emrullah
Cogent Education, v3 n1 Article 1212683 2016
Mental computation and mathematical reasoning are two intertwined top-level mental activities. In deciding which strategy to use when doing mental computing, mathematical reasoning is essential. From this reciprocal influence, the current study aims at examining the relationship between mental computation and mathematical reasoning. The study was carried out with 118 fifth-grade students (11-12-year-olds). As data collection tool, "mathematical reasoning test" and "mental computation test" were developed and used. In analyzing the data, Pearson's correlation coefficient ("r") between participants' scores of each test was computed. Some sample student responses to some questions in both tests were also presented directly. Evidence was found that there is a significant positive correlation between mental computation and mathematical reasoning. It is noteworthy that rather than exposing students to familiar classical problems, students need to be enabled to deal with exceptional/non-routine problems, and especially young children should be encouraged to do mental computing in order for developing both skills. On the other hand, students must be asked to write the strategies they use and on which grounds they preferred them while solving the problems.
Cogent OA. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 530 Walnut Street Suite 850, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Tel: 215-625-8900; Fax: 215-207-0050; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Grade 5; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools; Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey