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Ineson, Gwen – Early Child Development and Care, 2007
This study examines the mental computation strategies used by pupils at the end of primary school. In 1998 a new strategy for teaching mathematics was introduced into British schools (the National Numeracy Strategy) that specifically focused on mental calculation. The first part of the study took place in 1999, one year after the implementation of…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Mathematics Instruction, Numeracy, Mathematics Curriculum
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Osborn, Herbert H. – Educational Research, 1983
A test was given to 322 secondary students to develop a profile of mathematical ability based on four components: computation, pattern recognition, logical reasoning, and symbolic manipulation. These profiles were compared to mathematics test scores; the results verified hypotheses about individual differences in mental processes and knowledge…
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Aptitude, Computation, Individual Differences
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Jameson, Susie G. – Mathematics in School, 1993
Describes two main categories of mental activity used by students in mathematics classes: mental mathematics and mathematical thought. Calls for the continuation of teaching mental mathematics and asks for the inclusion of mathematical thought in the national curricula. (MKR)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Elementary Secondary Education, Estimation (Mathematics), Foreign Countries
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Beishuizen, Meindert; Anghileri, Julia – Mathematics in School, 1998
Compares the approaches to teaching division in Britain and in Holland where different emphasis is placed on the development of mental and written methods. Describes how it is common for pupils in Britain to work from an early stage with pencil and paper rather than mentally whereas early emphasis is placed on mental strategies in Holland. (ASK)
Descriptors: Algorithms, Arithmetic, Computation, Division