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Yang, Der-Ching; Huang, Ke-Lun – Journal of Educational Research, 2014
The authors compared the mental computation performance and mental strategies used by an experimental Grade 2 class and a control Grade 2 class before and after instructional intervention. Results indicate that students in the experimental group had better performance on mental computation. The use of mental strategies (counting, separation,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mental Computation, Grade 2, Intervention
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Sinnakaudan, Santi; Kuldas, Seffetullah; Hashim, Shahabuddin; Ghazali, Munirah – International Journal for Mathematics Teaching and Learning, 2016
This review examines reasons for Malaysian pupils' underperformance in solving mathematics problems that demand numerical estimation and mental computation. Their underdeveloped number sense appears to be the major reason. According to the Ministry of Education, the national mathematics curriculum is unlikely to account for this underachievement.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mathematics Achievement, Numbers, Computation
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Buchholz, Lisa M. – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2016
Several detours prompted me to find time in an overcrowded school day to incorporate important, powerful, daily, whole-class application of fact strategies. A few years ago, I embarked on a journey with my second graders, a journey through the strategies for mental computation of addition and subtraction facts. The focus of that journey was to…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Grade 2, Computation
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Muir, Tracey; Callingham, Rosemary; Beswick, Kim – Journal of Digital Learning in Teacher Education, 2016
This article presents a case study of one particular lesson in which a teacher uses the features of an interactive whiteboard (IWB) to teach mental computation strategies to a Grade 1 class. The framework of Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) is used to evaluate the teacher's use of the IWB to teach mathematical concepts to young…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Grade 1, Mathematics Instruction, Technological Literacy
Caney, Annaliese – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2004
Facilitating mental computation discussion comes with its own set of challenges for researchers and teachers. It is important to be able to help capture the students' ideas, before they disappear and seem like little more than moments of magic! In enabling children to learn how numbers work, the current emphasis on mental computation is driven by…
Descriptors: Questioning Techniques, Testing, Mental Computation, Teachers
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Chesney, Marlene – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2013
Marlene Chesney describes a piece of research where the participants were asked to complete a calculation, 16 + 8, and then asked to describe how they solved it. The diversity of invented strategies will be of interest to teachers along with the recommendations that are made. So "how do 'you' solve 16 + 8?"
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mental Computation, Mathematical Logic, Addition
Rottmann, Thomas; Peter-Koop, Andrea – Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia, 2016
This paper introduces a revised model for the development of basic computation skills. The model draws on four key phases, which have proven to be important for the development of calculation strategies and stresses the use of gestures and the verbalisation of concrete and mental images. This seems to be of crucial importance for children with…
Descriptors: Special Needs Students, Elementary School Students, Grade 2, Computation
Bobis, Janette – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2007
Drawing upon research, theory, classroom and personal experiences, this paper focuses on the development of primary-aged children's computational fluency. It emphasises the critical links between number sense and a child's ability to perform mental and written computation. The case of multi-digit multiplication is used to illustrate these…
Descriptors: Computation, Mathematics Education, Primary Education, Mental Computation
Thompson, Ian – Mathematics Teaching, 2011
Ever since "mental arithmetic" was updated to "mental calculation," official documents have succeeded in perpetuating several basic misconceptions and misunderstandings about this topic. This situation does not augur well for the successful teaching of mental calculation strategies to young children. In this article, the author…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Arithmetic, Misconceptions, Mathematics Instruction
Bengtson, Barbara J. – ProQuest LLC, 2013
Understanding the linear relationship of numbers is essential for doing practical and abstract mathematics throughout education and everyday life. There is evidence that number line activities increase learners' number sense, improving the linearity of mental number line representations (Siegler & Ramani, 2009). Mental representations of…
Descriptors: Numbers, Mathematics Education, Numeracy, Cognitive Processes
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Altiparmak, Kemal – International Journal of Research in Education and Science, 2016
Soroban abacus training is called as mental arithmetic training in our country. It is known for mental arithmetic to increase the ability of four mode operations. Besides this, how is the situation for the students which are having Soroban abacus training in the terms of problem solving abilities, creativity, development of concepts, attraction…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Arithmetic, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Teachers
Swan, Paul – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2004
Mathematics curriculum documents highlight the need for students to be able to choose from a repertoire of computational tools and strategies, but little direction is given as to how children choose which form of computation to use in any given situation. In this article, the author reports on the classroom implications of research designed to…
Descriptors: Mathematics Curriculum, Foreign Countries, Primary Education, Computation
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Brez, Caitlin C.; Miller, Angela D.; Ramirez, Erin M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Numerical estimation has been used to study how children mentally represent numbers for many years (e.g., Siegler & Opfer, 2003). However, these studies have always presented children with positive numbers and positive number lines. Children's mental representation of negative numbers has never been addressed. The present study tested children…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Numeracy, Numbers, Grade 2
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Hamdan, Noora; Gunderson, Elizabeth A. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Children's ability to place fractions on a number line strongly correlates with math achievement. But does the number line play a causal role in fraction learning or does it simply index more advanced fraction knowledge? The number line may be a particularly effective representation for fraction learning because its properties align with the…
Descriptors: Fractions, Number Concepts, Pretests Posttests, Elementary School Students
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Eisenhardt, Sara; Fisher, Molly H.; Thomas, Jonathan; Schack, Edna O.; Tassell, Janet; Yoder, Margaret – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2014
The Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSI 2010) expect second grade students to "fluently add and subtract within 20 using mental strategies" (2.OA.B.2). Most children begin with number word sequences and counting approximations and then develop greater skill with counting. But do all teachers really understand how this…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, State Standards, Grade 2, Elementary School Mathematics
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