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Did you mean Mental competition?
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Sinnakaudan, Santi; Kuldas, Seffetullah; Hashim, Shahabuddin; Ghazali, Munirah – International Journal for Mathematics Teaching and Learning, 2016
This review examines reasons for Malaysian pupils' underperformance in solving mathematics problems that demand numerical estimation and mental computation. Their underdeveloped number sense appears to be the major reason. According to the Ministry of Education, the national mathematics curriculum is unlikely to account for this underachievement.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mathematics Achievement, Numbers, Computation
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Robinson, Sheri L.; Skinner, Christopher H. – School Psychology Quarterly, 2002
Study extends research on the interspersal procedure using standardized mathematics subtests with different task demands. Results showed that the interspersal procedure enhanced academic performance on a Mental Computation subtest, but not a Multiplication subtest. Results indicate that the efficacy of the interspersal procedure is affected…
Descriptors: Difficulty Level, Evaluation Methods, Junior High Schools, Mathematics Achievement
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Chowdhury, Mohammad Anisuzzaman – Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 2017
The article provides syntheses and critical analyses of literature, creative insights, fruitful information, reflections on gifted education perspectives, and discusses the pertinent issues related to enabling sciences, with a particular focus on chemistry. The misconceptions among the gifted students, and a range of pedagogical approaches to…
Descriptors: Gifted, Chemistry, Literature Reviews, Misconceptions
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Browder, Diane M.; Spooner, Fred; Ahlgrim-Delzell, Lynn; Harris, Amber A.; Wakeman, Shawnee – Exceptional Children, 2008
This article reports on a comprehensive literature review and meta-analysis of 68 experiments on teaching mathematics to individuals with significant cognitive disabilities. Most of the studies in the review addressed numbers and computation or measurement. Within the computation studies identified, most focused on counting, calculation, or number…
Descriptors: Research Design, Mathematics Teachers, Mathematics Instruction, Mental Retardation
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Butler, Frances M.; Miller, Susan P.; Lee, Kit-Hung; Pierce, Thomas – Mental Retardation, 2001
A literature search to identify and analyze mathematics interventions for students with mild-to-moderate mental retardation found the focus of instruction has shifted since 1989 from basic skills instruction to computation and problem-solving instruction. Techniques such as constant-time delay, peer tutoring, time trials, and direct instruction…
Descriptors: Basic Skills, Computation, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education
Suydam, Marilyn N., Ed.; Kasten, Margaret L., Ed. – Investigations in Mathematics Education, 1985
This issue of the journal contains abstracts and critiques of 11 research reports. They concern: a case study of one child's strategies for mental addition; children's understanding of fractions; computation routines prescribed by schools; models in verbal problem solving; predicting eighth-grade algebra achievement; the effectiveness of…
Descriptors: Algebra, Computation, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education
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Threlfall, John – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 2002
Suggests that strategy choice is a misleading characterization of efficient mental calculation and that teaching mental calculation methods as a whole is not conducive to flexibility. Proposes an alternative in which calculation is thought of as an interaction between noticing and knowledge. Presents an associated teaching approach to promote…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Elementary Education, Learning Strategies, Mathematics Instruction
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Durkin, Keith F.; Digianantonio, Allison L. – Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 2007
The sexual abuse of children has received a tremendous amount of attention in recent years. Accordingly, both the criminal justice and mental health systems deal with child molesters. Since much of the public concerns revolve around the potential dangerousness of any given child molester, practitioners are frequently responsible for making…
Descriptors: Recidivism, Child Abuse, Sexual Abuse, Criminals
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Brainerd, Charles J. – Child Development, 1983
Presents a stochastic model for distinguishing mental arithmetic errors according to causes of failure. A series of experiments (1) studied questions of goodness of fit and model validity among four and five year olds and (2) used the model to measure the relative contributions of developmental improvements in short-term memory and arithmetical…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Development, Early Childhood Education
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Okamoto, Yukari – Cognition and Instruction, 1996
Tested three models of children's mathematics word-problem solving based on developmental differences in quantitative conceptual structures: (1) quantitative relations represented as ordered array of mental objects; (2) numbers represented on two tentatively coordinated mental number lines; and (3) numerical operations represented as objects on…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Children, Cluster Analysis, Cognitive Development
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Hope, Jack A. – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1985
The processes and procedures used by expert mental calculators are identified from a literature review. Experts are characterized by knowledge of a variety of methods, ability to recall numerical equivalents, and ability to remember the numbers involved in various stages of calculations. (MNS)
Descriptors: Adults, Cognitive Processes, Computation, Educational Research
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Ashcraft, Mark H. – Mathematical Cognition, 1995
Presents a historical overview and summary of research conducted on simple arithmetic in the past 20 years. Presents two seemingly different directions in current research, one on the role of working memory in mental arithmetic and one on the possible cognitive consequences of mathematics anxiety. Contains 108 references. (MKR)
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Educational Research, Elementary Education, Mathematics Anxiety
Caddell, Dorothy – 1998
In light of recent international studies regarding children's mathematics achievement, this review examines United Kingdom research and literature into early numeracy. The review is designed to provide information about a range of teaching strategies as well as to stimulate discussion and challenge current practices. The review addresses the…
Descriptors: Computation, Context Effect, Emergent Literacy, Foreign Countries
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Breakey, William R.; Fischer, Pamela J. – Journal of Social Issues, 1990
Surveys the many categories of people comprising the homeless population and describes the methods that have been used to estimate their numbers. Concludes that the vast effort required to enumerate homeless people would be better directed toward focused research on the needs of identifiable subgroups. (DM)
Descriptors: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Computation, Homeless People, Mental Disorders