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Erdem, Emrullah – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2017
The current study examines the mental computation performance owned by students at fifth grade. This study was carried out with 118 fifth graders (11-12-year-olds) studying at 3 randomly selected primary schools that served low and middle socio-economic areas in a city of Turkey. "Mental Computation Test (MCT)" has been used to reach how…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries
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Buchholz, Lisa M. – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2016
Several detours prompted me to find time in an overcrowded school day to incorporate important, powerful, daily, whole-class application of fact strategies. A few years ago, I embarked on a journey with my second graders, a journey through the strategies for mental computation of addition and subtraction facts. The focus of that journey was to…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Grade 2, Computation
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Ortiz, Enrique – International Journal for Mathematics Teaching and Learning, 2014
Students start to memorize arithmetic facts from early elementary school mathematics activities. Their fluency or lack of fluency with these facts could affect their efforts as they carry out mental calculations as adults. This study investigated participants' levels of brain activation and possible reasons for these levels as they solved…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Arithmetic, Problem Solving, Measurement Equipment
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Pyke, Aryn A.; LeFevre, Jo-Anne – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2011
Why is subsequent recall sometimes better for self-generated answers than for answers obtained from an external source (e.g., calculator)? In this study, we explore the relative contribution of 2 processes, recall attempts and self-computation, to this "generation effect" (i.e., enhanced answer recall relative to when problems are practiced with a…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Calculators, Arithmetic, Recall (Psychology)
Heirdsfield, Ann M. – International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 2003
The focus of this study was to investigate mental computation conceptual frameworks that Heirdsfield (2001c) formulated to explain the difference between proficient (accurate and flexible) mental computers and accurate (but not flexible) mental computers. A further aim was to explore the potential for students' developing efficient mental…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Mathematical Logic, Mathematics Instruction, Cognitive Processes
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Callingham, Rosemary; Watson, Jane – Mathematics Education Research Journal, 2004
In this article, data from a study of the mental computation competence of students in grades 3 to 10 are presented. Students responded to mental computation items, presented orally, that included operations applied to fractions, decimals and percents. The data were analysed using Rasch modelling techniques, and a six-level hierarchy of part-whole…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Competence, Arithmetic, Mathematical Concepts
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Liu, Fuchang – School Science and Mathematics, 2009
Four hundred and three 3rd- and 5th-grade Chinese students took the Multiplication Estimation Test or participated in the interview on it, designed to assess their computational estimation performance on whole-number multiplication. Students perform better when tasks are presented visually than orally. Third graders tend to use rounding based…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Grade 5, Grade 3, Arithmetic
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Sowder, Judith T. – Arithmetic Teacher, 1990
Discusses mental computation and how and when it should be taught. Describes seven properties of mental algorithms. (YP)
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics
Heirdsfield, Ann – 2000
Literature at national and international levels argues the importance of including mental computation in a mathematics curriculum that promotes number sense. However, mental computation does not feature in importance in the current Queensland mathematics syllabus documents. Hopefully, with the writing of a new mathematics syllabus, mental…
Descriptors: Addition, Arithmetic, Foreign Countries, Grade 3
Kartambis, Kathy – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2007
Research has established that children's development of addition and subtraction skills progresses through a hierarchy of strategies that begin with counting-by-one methods through to flexible mental strategies using a combination of knowledge of basic facts and understanding of place value. An important transition point is the shift from the…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Number Concepts, Subtraction, Arithmetic
Mochon, Simon; Roman, Josueth Vasquez – Focus on Learning Problems in Mathematics, 1998
Explores students' abilities in mental computation, finds out the strategies they use most naturally, and develops a theoretical framework by giving 60 children a questionnaire and interviewing them on a series of arithmetic operations to be solved by mental computation. Generates a classification of children's strategies. Contains 31 references.…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Classification, Computation, Elementary Education
Parrish, Sherry – Math Solutions, 2010
"Number Talks" is: (1) A five- to fifteen-minute classroom conversation around purposefully crafted computation problems that are solved mentally; and (2) The best part of a teacher's day. Whether you want to implement number talks but are unsure of how to begin or have experience but want more guidance in crafting purposeful problems, this…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Mental Computation, Mathematics Skills, Video Technology
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Levin, James A. – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 1981
A range of estimation techniques are described, and a series of mental computation procedures based on concepts of measurement and real numbers are presented in detail. (MP)
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Computation, Educational Change, Elementary Education
McIntosh, Alistair; And Others – 1995
This study was conducted to obtain information related to mental computation from students in Years 3, 5, 7, and 9 in Western Australia. The numbers of subjects were 163, 163, 163 and 152 in years 3, 5, 7, and 9, respectively. The research was designed to provide three different perspectives of mental computation: (1) a survey of the kinds of…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Computation, Elementary School Students, Elementary Secondary Education
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Brooks, Neon B.; Barner, David; Frank, Michael; Goldin-Meadow, Susan – Cognitive Science, 2018
People frequently gesture when problem-solving, particularly on tasks that require spatial transformation. Gesture often facilitates task performance by interacting with internal mental representations, but how this process works is not well understood. We investigated this question by exploring the case of mental abacus (MA), a technique in which…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Problem Solving, Computation, Schemata (Cognition)
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