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Naresh, Nirmala – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2015
Workplace mathematics, a subgroup of research on everyday mathematics and ethnomathematics documents the mathematical activities of both adults and children outside school settings. In this paper, I document the mental mathematical activities of a group of bus conductors in Chennai, India. I draw into the research areas of mental computation and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Workplace Literacy, Mathematics Activities, Mathematics Skills
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Heirdsfield, Ann Margaret – Young Children, 2011
Mental computation--that is, calculating in the head--is a relatively new topic in mathematics curricula for primary-age children. It is an important skill because it enables children to learn more deeply how numbers work, make decisions about procedures, and create strategies for calculating, thus promoting number sense--a well-developed…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Skills, Thinking Skills
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Varol, Filiz; Farran, Dale – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2007
Mental computation helps children understand how numbers work, how to make decisions about procedures, and how to create different strategies to solve math problems. Although researchers agree on the importance of mental computation skills, they debate how to help students develop these skills. The present study explored the existing literature in…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Mental Computation, Cognitive Processes, Numeracy
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Whitacre, Ian; Nickerson, Susan D. – Journal of Mathematics Teacher Education, 2016
We report on interview results from a classroom teaching experiment in a Number and Operations course for prospective elementary teachers. Improving the number sense of this population is an important goal for mathematics teacher education, and researchers have found this goal to be difficult to accomplish. In earlier work, we devised a local…
Descriptors: Interviews, Elementary School Teachers, Preservice Teachers, Numbers
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Bobis, Janette – Teaching Children Mathematics, 2007
This article explores the origins and potential benefits of the empty number line for the development of mental computation. It also provides a learner's perspective of its use through the reflections of nine-year-old Emily. (Contains 3 figures.)
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Number Concepts, Elementary School Students, Student Attitudes
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Tsao, Yea-Ling – Journal of College Teaching & Learning, 2004
The purpose of this study is to a) explore connections among number sense, mental computation performance and the written computation performance of elementary preservice school teachers; and b) explore the correlation among mental computation skills, computation skills, effect issues and number sense. The sample was composed of students in six…
Descriptors: Numeracy, Numbers, Computation, Mathematics Skills
Wright, Robert J.; Ellemor-Collins, David; Tabor, Pamela D. – SAGE Publications (CA), 2011
This fourth book in the Mathematics Recovery series equips teachers with detailed pedagogical knowledge and resources for teaching number to 7 to 11-year olds. Drawing on extensive programs of research, curriculum development, and teacher development, the book offers a coherent, up-to-date approach emphasizing computational fluency and the…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Intervention, Mental Computation, Special Education
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Monari Martinez, Elisabetta; Benedetti, Nives – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 2011
The key questions are: is it true that persons with Down's syndrome can study mathematics only at a very elementary level? Might it be possible that their difficulties are mainly restricted to some fields, such as numeracy and mental computation, but do not encompass the entire domain of mathematics? Is the use of a calculator recommended? Is…
Descriptors: Familiarity, Numeracy, Mental Computation, Calculators
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Sowder, Judith T. – Arithmetic Teacher, 1990
Discusses mental computation and how and when it should be taught. Describes seven properties of mental algorithms. (YP)
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics
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Reys, Robert E. – Arithmetic Teacher, 1985
This article calls attention to testing as an integral part of teaching mental computation. It begins with an overview of students' performance and is followed by some specific suggestions for testing mental computation skills in the classroom. (Author)
Descriptors: Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Education
Kartambis, Kathy – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2007
Research has established that children's development of addition and subtraction skills progresses through a hierarchy of strategies that begin with counting-by-one methods through to flexible mental strategies using a combination of knowledge of basic facts and understanding of place value. An important transition point is the shift from the…
Descriptors: Mental Computation, Number Concepts, Subtraction, Arithmetic
Rottmann, Thomas; Peter-Koop, Andrea – Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia, 2016
This paper introduces a revised model for the development of basic computation skills. The model draws on four key phases, which have proven to be important for the development of calculation strategies and stresses the use of gestures and the verbalisation of concrete and mental images. This seems to be of crucial importance for children with…
Descriptors: Special Needs Students, Elementary School Students, Grade 2, Computation
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Reys, Barbara J.; And Others – School Science and Mathematics, 1993
Examined elementary and junior high school students in grades 2, 5, and 7 to determine baseline data about student performance on mental computation. Reports performance levels, difficulties of different types of mental computation, and preferences for doing computations mentally, with calculators, or by hand for each grade level. (MDH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Computation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students
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Reys, Robert E. – Elementary School Journal, 1984
Begins with a definition of mental computation and then provides an overview of its evolution during the twentieth century. Significant benefits from teaching mental computation are highlighted, along with a framework and guidelines for instructing elementary school students. A parallel discussion is also provided for computational estimation. (RH)
Descriptors: Computation, Elementary Education, Estimation (Mathematics), History
McIntosh, Alistair – Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 2004
In this article, the author presents the results of a state project that focused on the effect of developing informal written computation processes through Years 2-4. The "developing computation" project was conducted in Tasmania over the two years 2002-2003 and involved nine schools: five government schools, two Catholic schools, and…
Descriptors: Catholic Schools, Mental Computation, Number Concepts, Teaching Methods
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