ERIC Number: ED225374
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
The Army Method Revisited: The Historical and Theoretical Backgrounds of the Military Intensive Language Programs.
Bayuk, Milla; Bayuk, Barry S.
A program currently in use by the military that gives instruction in the so-called "sensitive" languages is based on the "Army Method" which was initiated in military language programs during World War II. Attention to the sensitive language program initiated a review of the programs, especially those conducted by the military intelligence schools and the Defense Language Institute. The Army method model established itself as an efficient way to provide accelerated language training in both military and civilian educational settings. Psycholinguistic and contrastive analysis studies led to and supported the adaptation of the method in the schools during the 1960's and the adaption of the approach that became widely known as the audio lingual method. It is claimed that the Army method was successful because of effective pedagogy and efficient organizational design, as well as its interaction with affective variables such as personality factors, aptitude, intelligence, and motivation. The intensive programs developed by the Armed Forces during World War II are reviewed in terms of these variables and in light of some research on each of them. A reintroduction of the method and its widespread use in elementary and secondary schools is advocated. (AMH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A