ERIC Number: EJ1072521
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 123
An Analytic Study of the Professional Development Research in Early Childhood Education
Schachter, Rachel E.
Early Education and Development, v26 n8 p1057-1085 2015
Research Findings: The goal of this study was to examine empirical research on the design, delivery, and measurement of the effects of professional development (PD) for early childhood educators in order to provide insight into what the field has accomplished as well as suggest directions for future PD programs and research. Through the use of rigorous inclusion criteria outlined by S. M. Wilson, R. E. Floden, and J. Ferrini-Mundy (2001), 73 studies were included and analyzed. On average, 25% (M = 12.68, SD = 9.99) of references in each study were specifically about PD. The majority of studies (n = 39) targeted some form of language and literacy instruction, whereas only 5 studies targeted math and 1 study targeted science. A total of 35 different delivery mechanisms were used to provide PD, with 40 studies including some form of coaching and 45 including training workshops. The studies used a wide range of methods to measure PD-related outcomes: 51% (n = 37) of studies examined changes in teacher practice, 18% (n = 13) measured changes in teachers' knowledge, 40% (n = 29) measured changes in children's learning, and 11% (n = 8) measured changes in children's behavior. Practice or Policy: Based on the results of this study, there are 4 major ways in which PD for early childhood educators can be developed. Researchers and providers of PD should (a) continue to draw from multiple resources to inform PD implementation designs, (b) include more diversity in the content of instruction targeted by PD, (c) experiment with innovative formats for delivering PD, and (d) create better means of evaluating PD.
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Preschool Teachers, Educational Research, Evaluation Methods, Teaching Methods, Knowledge Base for Teaching, Child Behavior, Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Instructional Innovation, Futures (of Society), Educational Trends, Coaching (Performance), Workshops, Outcomes of Education, Behavior Change, Course Content, Instructional Design, Trend Analysis, Literature Reviews
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education; Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A