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Bearman, Peter – Social Psychology Quarterly, 2010
When should people believe in science, especially in scientific explanations of the causes of health, ill or otherwise? One line of argumentation is that scientific evidence based in robust ecological data, supported by previously tested animal or biological models or double-blinded randomized control trials trumps intuition or just plain "common…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Trust (Psychology), Autism, Immunization Programs
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2008
Flu is more dangerous than the common cold for children. Each year, flu places a large burden on the health and well-being of children and families. Children commonly need medical care because of influenza, especially before they turn 5 years old. Each year an average of 20,000 children under the age of 5 are hospitalized because of influenza…
Descriptors: Communicable Diseases, Immunization Programs, Child Health, At Risk Persons
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Gargano, Lisa M.; Painter, Julia E.; Sales, Jessica M.; Morfaw, Christopher; Jones, LaDawna M.; Weiss, Paul; Murray, Dennis; DiClemente, Ralph J.; Hughes, James M. – Journal of School Health, 2011
Background: Teachers play an essential role in the school community, and H1N1 vaccination of teachers is critical to protect not only themselves but also adolescents they come in contact within the classroom through herd immunity. School-aged children have a greater risk of developing H1N1 disease than seasonal influenza. The goal of this study…
Descriptors: Immunization Programs, Counties, Secondary School Teachers, Correlation
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Painter, Julia E.; Sales, Jessica M.; Pazol, Karen; Wingood, Gina M.; Windle, Michael; Orenstein, Walter A.; DiClemente, Ralph J. – Journal of School Health, 2011
Background: School-based vaccination programs may provide an effective strategy to immunize adolescents against influenza. This study examined whether adolescent attitudes toward influenza vaccination mediated the relationship between receipt of a school-based influenza vaccination intervention and vaccine uptake. Methods: Participants were…
Descriptors: Intervention, Immunization Programs, Adolescent Attitudes, Intention
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Vu, Milkie; Bednarczyk, Robert A.; Escoffery, Cam; Getachew, Betelihem; Berg, Carla J. – Health Education Research, 2019
Young adulthood is a critical time for catch-up HPV vaccination. We assessed predictors of vaccine recommendation and initiation among college students. We analysed cross-sectional surveys from 2397 students using multivariable logistic regressions. Guided by the Socio-ecological and Health Belief Models, measures included socio-demographic…
Descriptors: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Health Promotion, Immunization Programs, Student Attitudes
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Yen, Chia-Feng; Lin, Jin-Ding – Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2011
The study aims to determine hepatitis B vaccination coverage rates among community-dwelling teenagers with an intellectual disability in Taiwan and to identify the possible influencing factors of their vaccination. The present paper was part of the results of the "2007 National Survey on Healthy Behaviors and Preventive Health Utilizations of…
Descriptors: Siblings, Age Differences, Health Promotion, Mental Retardation
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Ratanasiripong, Nop T. – Journal of American College Health, 2012
Objective: To identify human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and HPV vaccine-related attitudes among college-aged women and the relationship between HPV vaccine uptake and subsequent sexual behaviors. Methods: PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Google Scholar searches were performed from 2006, the date after the first HPV vaccine became available, to…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Females, Public Health, Microbiology
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Kumar, Supriya; Quinn, Sandra Crouse; Kim, Kevin H.; Musa, Donald; Hilyard, Karen M.; Freimuth, Vicki S. – Health Education & Behavior, 2012
Research on influenza vaccine uptake has focused largely on intrapersonal determinants (perceived risk, past vaccine acceptance, perceived vaccine safety) and on physician recommendation. The authors used a social ecological framework to examine influenza vaccine uptake during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic. Surveying an adult population (n = 2,079) in…
Descriptors: Ecology, African Americans, Financial Support, Immunization Programs
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Ritscher, Alicia M.; Ranum, Nancy; Malak, Joel D.; Ahrabi-Fard, Susann; Baird, Jennifer; Berti, Andrew D.; Curtis, William; Holden, Marlena; Jones, Cheryl D.; Kind, Jennifer; Kinsey, William; Koepke, Ruth; Schauer, Stephanie L.; Stein, Elizabeth; Van Orman, Sarah; Ward, Brian G.; Zahner, Susan J.; Hayney, Mary S. – Journal of American College Health, 2019
A meningococcal serogroup B (MenB) outbreak at a large public university prompted an emergency response to immunize undergraduates. Objective: To report on a successful meningococcal serogroup B (MenB) vaccine clinic response at a large public university. Methods: We assembled the team leaders to write this case report. Results: Activation of the…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Communicable Diseases, Emergency Programs, Immunization Programs
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Kelley, R. T.; Hannans, A.; Kreps, G. L.; Johnson, K. – Health Education Research, 2012
This paper describes a 16-month health education pilot program based on diffusion of innovation and social network theories. The program was implemented by volunteer community liaisons for the purposes of increasing awareness of and support for HIV vaccine research in minority populations. This theoretically driven pilot program allowed the…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Health Education, Pilot Projects, Formative Evaluation
Brandt, Heather M.; Sharpe, Patricia A.; McCree, Donna H.; Wright, Marcie S.; Davis, Jennifer; Hutto, Brent E. – American Journal of Health Education, 2009
Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a very common sexually transmitted infection linked to cervical disease. Vaccines for some types of HPV were in development at the time of the study. Purpose: The study examined HPV vaccine acceptability among underserved women in a rural region of the southeastern U.S. with high rates of cervical cancer…
Descriptors: Health Education, Females, Immunization Programs, Knowledge Level
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Newman, Peter A.; Seiden, Danielle S.; Roberts, Kathleen J.; Kakinami, Lisa; Duan, Naihua – Health Education & Behavior, 2009
Existing knowledge and beliefs related to HIV vaccines provide an important basis for the development of risk communication messages to support future HIV vaccine dissemination. This study explored HIV vaccine mental models among adults from segments of the population disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS. Nine focus groups were conducted with…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Age, Focus Groups, Immunization Programs
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Cates, Joan R.; Brewer, Noel T.; Fazekas, Karah I.; Mitchell, Cicely E.; Smith, Jennifer S. – Journal of Rural Health, 2009
Context: Because cervical cancer mortality in the United States is twice as high among black women as white women and higher in rural areas, providing human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to rural black adolescents is a high priority. Purpose: To identify racial differences in knowledge and attitudes about HPV, cervical cancer, and the HPV vaccine…
Descriptors: African Americans, Daughters, Immunization Programs, Cancer
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Cook, Joseph; Jeuland, Marc; Maskery, Brian; Lauria, Donald; Dipika, Sur; Clemens, John; Whittington, Dale – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2009
Although it is well known that vaccines against many infectious diseases confer positive economic externalities via indirect protection, analysts have typically ignored possible herd protection effects in policy analyses of vaccination programs. Despite a growing literature on the economic theory of vaccine externalities and several innovative…
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Mathematical Models, Immunization Programs, Economics
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Fredricks, Karla – Journal of Applied Research on Children, 2019
War and other forms of conflict are frequently the culprit for disrupted immunization practices, as government attention and funding are diverted elsewhere and people are displaced due to fighting. In other instances, the causes are related to deficiencies in resources and infrastructure, such as limited quantities of vaccinations and/or…
Descriptors: Immunization Programs, Immigrants, Incidence, Access to Health Care
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