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ERIC Number: EJ1046023
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Nov
Pages: 10
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-1073-5836
Enriching Addition and Subtraction Fact Mastery through Games
Bay-Williams, Jennifer M.; Kling, Gina
Teaching Children Mathematics, v21 n4 p238-247 Nov 2014
The learning of "basic facts"--single-digit combinations for addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division--has long been a focus of elementary school mathematics. Many people remember completing endless worksheets, timed tests, and flash card drills as they attempted to "master" their basic facts as children. However, research over the past thirty years, recommendations from "Principles to Actions" (NCTM 2014) on effective mathematics teaching practices, and goals for students outlined in the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM) (CCSSI 2010), suggest a very different approach that has the promise of greater student engagement and success. Key to an effective approach to teaching basic facts is an understanding of the phases through which students progress as they learn their basic facts and a realization of how "meaningful" practice can be used to help students master their facts (Van de Walle, Karp, and Bay-Williams 2013). In this article, the authors illustrate how both of these aspects can be enacted through strategic use of games.
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. 1906 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191-1502. Tel: 800-235-7566; Tel: 703-620-3702; Fax: 703-476-2970; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A