ERIC Number: EJ790511
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-May
The Role of Control Functions in Mentalizing: Dual-Task Studies of Theory of Mind and Executive Function
Bull, Rebecca; Phillips, Louise H.; Conway, Claire A.
Cognition, v107 n2 p663-672 May 2008
Conflicting evidence has arisen from correlational studies regarding the role of executive control functions in Theory of Mind. The current study used dual-task manipulations of executive functions (inhibition, updating and switching) to investigate the role of these control functions in mental state and non-mental state tasks. The "Eyes" pictorial test of Theory of Mind showed specific dual-task costs when concurrently performed with an inhibitory secondary task. In contrast, interference effects on a verbal "Stories" task were general, occurring on both mental state and non-mental state tasks, and across all types of executive function. These findings from healthy functioning adults should help to guide decisions about appropriate methods of assessing ToM in clinical populations, and interpreting deficits in performance in such tasks in the context of more general cognitive dysfunction.
Descriptors: Visual Measures, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Task Analysis, Role, Pictorial Stimuli, Tests, Inhibition, Verbal Ability, Cognitive Ability, Adults, Clinical Diagnosis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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