ERIC Number: EJ1062146
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Acid-Base Learning Outcomes for Students in an Introductory Organic Chemistry Course
Stoyanovich, Carlee; Gandhi, Aneri; Flynn, Alison B.
Journal of Chemical Education, v92 n2 p220-229 Feb 2015
An outcome-based approach to teaching and learning focuses on what the student demonstrably knows and can do after instruction, rather than on what the instructor teaches. This outcome-focused approach can then guide the alignment of teaching strategies, learning activities, and assessment. In organic chemistry, mastery of organic acid-base knowledge and skills are particularly essential for success. For example, Brønsted acid-base knowledge and skills are required in greater than 85% of the more complex organic and biochemical reactions we analyzed in this study. Despite the importance of mastering acid-base concepts and skills, the literature describes many related student difficulties. We identified essential learning outcomes (LOs) in organic acid-base chemistry by (1) analyzing more complex organic reactions to identify the acid-base-related skills and knowledge that students would need to successfully analyze those reactions and (2) analyzing textbooks' explanations and coverage of acid-base chemistry. We constructed the learning outcomes using the Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes (SOLO) and modified Bloom taxonomies, as well as SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bounded) goal-setting principles. We explicitly aligned our courses' learning activities and assessments with those intended learning outcomes, both in the initial introduction of acid-base chemistry and as we analyze more complex reactions. To clearly communicate these LOs to students and other educators, we described them in an educational graphic.
Descriptors: Introductory Courses, Organic Chemistry, Outcome Based Education, Teaching Methods, Behavioral Objectives, Undergraduate Students, Educational Needs, Minimum Competencies, Skill Analysis, Textbook Content, Opinions, Learning Activities, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada (Ottawa)