ERIC Number: EJ1163427
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
A Comparison of Perceptions of Barriers to Academic Success among High-Ability Students from High- and Low-Income Groups: Exposing Poverty of a Different Kind
Cross, Jennifer Riedl; Frazier, Andrea Dawn; Kim, Mihyeon; Cross, Tracy L.
Gifted Child Quarterly, v62 n1 p111-129 Jan 2018
In 14 focus group interviews, sixth- to eighth-grade high-ability students from high- (n = 36) and low-income (n = 45) families were asked to describe the barriers they perceived to their academic success. Three themes were identified through the qualitative analysis: "Constraining Environments, Integration versus Isolation," and "Resource Plenty versus Resource Poor." Students in both groups experienced environments not conducive to learning, inhibiting peers, and teachers as a barrier. Students in the low-income group described mayhem in their schools, which interfered significantly with learning. These students were highly integrated in their school community, whereas the students in the high-income group were socially isolated from both peers and teachers. Both groups exhibited issues of poor fit within their schools: autonomy and competence for both, relatedness for students in the high-income group. Attention to these issues will help support these students in achieving their potential.
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Secondary School Students, Student Attitudes, Barriers, Academic Achievement, Academically Gifted, Low Income Students, Family Income, Poverty, Focus Groups, Educational Environment, Social Isolation, Educational Resources, Social Integration, Coding, Qualitative Research, Data Analysis, Semi Structured Interviews
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A