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ERIC Number: EJ910634
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Dec
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 30
ISSN: ISSN-1088-3576
A Comparison of Picture and Video Prompts to Teach Daily Living Skills to Individuals with Autism
Van Laarhoven, Toni; Kraus, Erika; Karpman, Keri; Nizzi, Rosemary; Valentino, Joe
Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, v25 n4 p195-208 Dec 2010
This study was conducted to compare the effectiveness of video prompting and picture prompting when used as antecedents for teaching daily living skills to two adolescents with autism. Participants were taught two different skills, and the effects of the instructional conditions were compared and evaluated using an adapted alternating-treatments design. The results can be interpreted to conclude that video prompting was slightly more effective in terms of independent correct responding, fewer external prompts for task completion, and fewer prompts to use instructional materials. In addition, when efficiency scores were calculated by considering the ratio of each participant's growth (from pretest to posttest) to the measured "cost" of minutes required to create instructional materials, video prompting was considerably more efficient than picture prompting. (Contains 4 figures.)
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois