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ERIC Number: EJ833419
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 25
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 35
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1436-4522
A Knowledge-Based Approach to Retrieving Teaching Materials for Context-Aware Learning
Shih, Wen-Chung; Tseng, Shian-Shyong
Educational Technology & Society, v12 n1 p82-106 2009
With the rapid development of wireless communication and sensor technologies, ubiquitous learning has become a promising solution to educational problems. In context-aware ubiquitous learning environments, it is required that learning content is retrieved according to environmental contexts, such as learners' location. Also, a learning content retrieval scheme should be able to work with various instructional strategies for different learning activities. To solve the context-aware learning content retrieval problem, we propose a strategy-driven approach to derive content retrieval strategies from instructional strategies. Moreover, we construct a knowledge-based system to expand query keywords based on the derived strategies and then select relevant keywords according to geographical distance between entities of concept and learners. This system is composed of four components: knowledge transformation, query expansion, content retrieval and user interface. Besides, ontology construction algorithms, designed for teachers to easily build up ontology from course outlines, are applied to generate the rules of query expansion and the taxonomic index of learning object repository. The experimental results indicate that the proposed approach can increase the learning performance of students. (Contains 7 tables and 10 figures.)
International Forum of Educational Technology & Society. Athabasca University, School of Computing & Information Systems, 1 University Drive, Athabasca, AB T9S 3A3, Canada. Tel: 780-675-6812; Fax: 780-675-6973; Web site: http://www.ifets.info
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Taiwan