ERIC Number: EJ1024338
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 15
Proximal versus Distal Validity Coefficients for Teacher Observational Instruments
Marzano, Robert J.
Teacher Educator, v49 n2 p89-96 2014
This study examined the use of measures of student learning computed using end-of-year assessments (distal measures) versus measures of student learning associated with a single lesson (proximal measures) as criterion scores for the validity of observations of teachers' pedagogical skills. The validity coefficients computed using distal measures were significantly lower than the validity coefficient computed using proximal measures. Assumptions underlying the current emphasis on distal measures were challenged. Possible ways to generate more proximal measures were explored.
Descriptors: Validity, Measures (Individuals), Teacher Evaluation, Teacher Effectiveness, Educational Assessment, Observation, Evaluation Methods, Elementary School Teachers, Correlation, Predictive Validity, Academic Achievement, Scores, Video Technology, Secondary School Teachers, Audience Response Systems, Coding
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Primary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A