ERIC Number: ED369962
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Army National Guard. Officer Candidate Training Should Be Consolidated at One Site. Report to the Secretary of Defense.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. National Security and International Affairs Div.
The operations of the 50 Army National Guard (ARNG) schools were reviewed to determine if the ARNG could meet its officer needs more effectively and economically. The study examined the following: (1) the numbers of officers being produced by the various ARNG commissioning sources, particularly the state officer candidate schools (OCS); (2) the recent consolidation of portions of the state OCS programs; and (3) the potential for increasing economies through further consolidation. The study found that the ARNG officer requirements and the number of officers commissioned through the state OCS program has declined by one-third since 1988 and could decline further. The ARNG has begun consolidation of two of the three phases of officer training, but this will not reduce the number of schools in operation. Consolidation of ARNG commissioning training at a single site would offer additional opportunities to enhance the quality of the program and cut costs by closing the state programs. Although the Army considered consolidating all its OCS functions at Fort Benning, it rejected such an approach on the following grounds: Fort Benning does not have sufficient capacity to train the ARNG candidates, candidates would not be willing to attend a centralized program, and the quality of the consolidated program would not be superior to the state programs. Available evidence, however, suggests that a centralized OCS program for the ARNG would provide equal or higher quality officer training at a lower cost. (The Department of Defense's response to the study, which generally rebuts the study conclusions, is included.) (KC)
Descriptors: Consolidated Schools, Cost Effectiveness, Educational Needs, Facility Requirements, Military Schools, Military Training, Officer Personnel, Postsecondary Education, Program Costs, Program Improvement
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 2084-6015 (first copy free; additional copies $2 each; 100 or more: 25% discount).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. National Security and International Affairs Div.