ERIC Number: ED241748
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984
Reference Count: N/A
An Analysis of Fiscal Policy Alternatives for Serving Special Populations in Vocational Education. Information Series No. 278.
Phelps, L. Allen
This policy analysis focuses on identifying optimal federal fiscal policies for achieving desired programmatic and student outcomes on behalf of special populations in vocational education (i.e., disadvantaged, limited-English-proficient, and handicapped persons, and students interested in nontraditional careers). The present status of unserved special population students, enrollment patterns, and state and local funding suggests a critical need for the development and refinement of effective federal fiscal policy. A series of four major policy goals should be set; they include: improving access to programs and services, enhancing equity, stimulating program improvement, and strengthening interagency collaboration. In order to meet these goals, four major policy alternatives can be suggested: (1) direct federal grants to eligible recipients, (2) student incentive grants, (3) categorical state grants (setaside model) or (4) categorical state grants (separate title). Pupil-weighing formula and ability-to-pay factors are possible options for allocating funds within states. The most promising alternative for the short run appears to be the categorical state grant for vocational education; however, additional fiscal policy research that examines the full range of fiscal policy alternatives is needed. (KC)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Disabilities, Disadvantaged Youth, English (Second Language), Equal Education, Exceptional Persons, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Federal State Relationship, Financial Policy, Financial Support, Minority Groups, Nontraditional Occupations, Policy Formation, Postsecondary Education, Program Improvement, Secondary Education, Sex Fairness, Special Needs Students, State Federal Aid, Vocational Education
National Center Publications, National Center for Research in Vocational Education, 1960 Kenny Road, Columbus, OH 43210 (IN278--$4.95).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.