ERIC Number: EJ986487
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 28
A Reanalysis of Engineering Majors' Self-Efficacy Beliefs
Concannon, James P.; Barrow, Lloyd H.
Journal of Science Education and Technology, v21 n6 p742-753 Dec 2012
This study examines differences in women's engineering self-efficacy beliefs across grade levels in comparison to men's engineering self-efficacy (ESE) beliefs across grade levels. Data for this study was collected from 746 (635 men, 111 women) engineering students enrolled in a large research extensive university. Four major conclusions resulted from this study. (1) No significant differences in overall mean engineering self-efficacy scores were found by gender. However, this study found differences between men's and women's mean coping self-efficacy (CSE) and engineering career outcome expectations (ECOE) subscale scores. Freshmen men had significantly higher ECOE compared to upperclassmen women. (2) Overall, fifth-year men had significantly lower mean ESE scores compared to all other groups. (3) When the fifth-year group was removed from the data set, all first-year students had significantly lower subscale scores compared to all other years. In addition, men in their first-year of engineering had significantly lower subscale scores compared to other groups of men. (4) No significant differences in overall ESE scores were found among first to fifth-year women. Also, no significant differences in self-efficacy subscale scores were found among first to fifth-year women.
Descriptors: Majors (Students), Engineering Education, Self Efficacy, Gender Differences, Age Differences, Undergraduate Students, Coping, Occupational Aspiration
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A