ERIC Number: EJ779930
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Maltreated Children's Memory: Accuracy, Suggestibility, and Psychopathology
Eisen, Mitchell L.; Goodman, Gail S.; Qin, Jianjian; Davis, Suzanne; Crayton, John
Developmental Psychology, v43 n6 p1275-1294 Nov 2007
Memory, suggestibility, stress arousal, and trauma-related psychopathology were examined in 328 3- to 16-year-olds involved in forensic investigations of abuse and neglect. Children's memory and suggestibility were assessed for a medical examination and venipuncture. Being older and scoring higher in cognitive functioning were related to fewer inaccuracies. In addition, cortisol level and trauma symptoms in children who reported more dissociative tendencies were associated with increased memory error, whereas cortisol level and trauma symptoms were not associated with increased error for children who reported fewer dissociative tendencies. Sexual and/or physical abuse predicted greater accuracy. The study contributes important new information to scientific understanding of maltreatment, psychopathology, and eyewitness memory in children.
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Child Abuse, Psychopathology, Memory, Crime, Child Neglect, Cognitive Ability, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.