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Sandilos, Lia E.; Goble, Priscilla; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.; Pianta, Robert C. – Grantee Submission, 2018
The present study examines the extent to which participation in a 14-week professional development course designed to improve teacher-child interactions in the classroom moderated the relation between teacher-reported job stress and gains in observed teacher-child interaction quality from the beginning to the end of the intervention. Participants…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Teacher Student Relationship, Interaction, Program Effectiveness
Stichter, Janine P; Malugen, Emily; Herzog, Melissa; O'Donnell, Rose; Kilgus, S; Schoemann, Alexander M. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Many populations served by special education, including those identified with autism, emotional impairments, or students identified as not ready to learn, experience social competence deficits. The Social Competence Intervention-Adolescents' (SCI-A) methods, content, and materials were designed to be maximally pertinent and applicable to the…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Competence, Intervention, Randomized Controlled Trials, Program Effectiveness
Hamilton, Rashea; McCoach, D. Betsy; Tutwiler, M. Shane; Siegle, Del; Gubbins, E. Jean; Callahan, Carolyn M.; Brodersen, Annalissa V.; Mun, Rachel U. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Although the relationships between family income and student identification for gifted programming are well documented, less is known about how school and district wealth are related to student identification. To examine the effects of institutional and individual poverty on student identification, we conducted a series of three-level regression…
Descriptors: Academically Gifted, Disadvantaged Schools, Elementary School Students, Elementary Schools
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Farmer, Thomas W.; Dawes, Molly; Hamm, Jill V.; Lee, David; Mehtaji, Meera; Hoffman, Abigail S.; Brooks, Debbie S. – Grantee Submission, 2018
The "invisible hand" is a metaphor that refers to teachers' impact on the classroom peer ecology. Although teachers have the capacity to organize the classroom environment and activities in ways that contribute to students' social experiences, their contributions are often overlooked in research on students' peer relations and the…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Teaching Methods, Special Education, Disabilities
Braithwaite, David W.; Tian, Jing; Siegler, Robert S. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Many children fail to master fraction arithmetic even after years of instruction. A recent theory of fraction arithmetic (Braithwaite, Pyke, & Siegler, in press) hypothesized that this poor learning of fraction arithmetic procedures reflects poor conceptual understanding of them. To test this hypothesis, we performed three experiments…
Descriptors: Fractions, Addition, Arithmetic, Mathematics
May, Emily M.; Azar, Sandra T.; Matthews, Stephen A. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Living in a disadvantaged neighborhood is associated with heightened risk for poor school readiness and health outcomes in early childhood, and the home environment is thought to be a primary mechanism by which neighborhood context impacts preschoolers. This study examined the effects of neighborhood concentrated disadvantage and neighborhood…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Neighborhoods, At Risk Students, School Readiness
Stahmer, Aubyn C.; Suhrheinrich, Jessica; Schetter, Patricia L.; Hassrick, Elizabeth McGee – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study examines how system-wide (i.e., region, district, and school) mechanisms such as leadership support, training requirements, structure, collaboration, and education affect the use of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in schools and how this affects the outcomes for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Despite growing evidence for…
Descriptors: Special Education Teachers, Special Education, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
Clemens, Elysia V.; Klopfenstein, Kristin; Lalonde, Trent L.; Tis, Matt – Grantee Submission, 2018
As a result of the Every Student Succeeds Act and its requirement that students in foster care be included in education report cards, states have a renewed sense of urgency surrounding accountability for the academic achievement of this vulnerable group of students. This study examined the effects of placement and school stability on students'…
Descriptors: Foster Care, Academic Achievement, At Risk Students, Grade 4
Kelley, Elizabeth; Leary, Emily; Goldstein, Howard – Grantee Submission, 2018
Purpose: To effectively implement a response to intervention approach, there is a need for timely and specific information about student learning in response to treatment to ensure that treatment decisions are appropriate. This exploratory study examined responsivity to a supplemental, Tier 2 vocabulary intervention delivered to preschool children…
Descriptors: Response to Intervention, Supplementary Education, Vocabulary Development, Outcomes of Treatment
Fuchs, Douglas; Hendricks, Emma; Walsh, Meagan E.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Gilbert, Jennifer K.; Zhang Tracy, Wen; Patton, Samuel, III.; Davis, Nicole; Kim, Wooliya; Elleman, Amy M.; Peng, Peng – Grantee Submission, 2018
We conducted a 14-week experimental study of 2 versions of a relatively comprehensive RC intervention that involved 50 classroom teachers, 15 tutors, and 120 children drawn in equal proportions from grades 3 and 5 in 13 schools in a large urban school district. Students were randomly assigned in equal numbers to the 2 tutoring conditions and a…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Multidimensional Scaling, Reputation, Reading Programs
Herrmann-Abell, Cari F.; DeBoer, George E. – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study tests a hypothesized learning progression for the concept of energy. It looks at 14 specific ideas under the categories of (i) Energy Forms and Transformations; (ii) Energy Transfer; (iii) Energy Dissipation and Degradation; and (iv) Energy Conservation. It then examines students' growth of understanding within each of these ideas at…
Descriptors: Energy, Science Instruction, Concept Formation, Energy Conservation
Sutherland, Kevin S; Conroy, Maureen A; McLeod, Bryce D; Algina, James; Kunemund, Rachel L – Grantee Submission, 2018
Teachers sometimes struggle to deliver evidence based programs designed to prevent and ameliorate chronic problem behaviors of young children with integrity. Identifying factors associated with variations in the quantity and quality of delivery is thus an important goal for the field. This study investigated factors associated with teacher…
Descriptors: Delivery Systems, Positive Behavior Supports, Performance Factors, Integrity
Sutherland, Kevin S.; Conroy, Maureen A.; Algina, James; Ladwig, Crystal; Jesse, Gabriel; Gyure, Maria – Grantee Submission, 2018
Research has consistently linked early problem behavior with later adjustment problems, including antisocial behavior, learning problems and risk for the development of emotional/behavioral disorders (EBDs). Researchers have focused upon developing effective intervention programs for young children who arrive in preschool exhibiting chronic…
Descriptors: Child Behavior, Behavior Problems, Teacher Student Relationship, Interaction
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Pustejovsky, James E. – Grantee Submission, 2018
A wide variety of effect size indices have been proposed for quantifying the magnitude of treatment effects in single-case designs. Commonly used measures include parametric indices such as the standardized mean difference, as well as non-overlap measures such as the percentage of non-overlapping data, improvement rate difference, and non-overlap…
Descriptors: Effect Size, Measurement Techniques, Monte Carlo Methods, Observation
Foorman, Barbara R.; Herrera, Sarah; Dombek, Jennifer – Grantee Submission, 2018
This randomized controlled trial in 55 low-performing schools across Florida compared 2 early literacy interventions--1 using stand-alone materials and 1 using materials embedded in the existing core reading/language arts program. A total of 3,447 students who were below the 30th percentile in vocabulary and reading-related skills participated in…
Descriptors: Alignment (Education), Reading Materials, Elementary School Students, Primary Education
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