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Allen, Michael H.; Abar, Beau W.; McCormick, Mark; Barnes, Donna H.; Haukoos, Jason; Garmel, Gus M.; Boudreaux, Edwin D. – Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 2013
Joint Commission National Patient Safety Goal 15 calls for organizations "to identify patients at risk for suicide." Overt suicidal behavior accounts for 0.6% of emergency department (ED) visits, but incidental suicidal ideation is found in 3%-11.6%. This is the first multicenter study of suicide screening in EDs. Of 2,243 patients in…
Descriptors: Hospitals, Patients, Psychological Characteristics, At Risk Persons
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Lomax, James W. – Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 1986
Discusses suicide care as a core curriculum component of psychiatry residency. Discusses the reasons for formal conceptualization of suicide care education and offers a model curriculum as a reference for residency programs to compare their own activities in this important area of psychiatry. (Author/ABB)
Descriptors: Core Curriculum, Curriculum Development, Graduate Medical Education, Psychiatric Services
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Truant, G. S.; And Others – Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 1991
Determined ranking of suicide risk factors by 81 psychiatrists. Hopelessness was ranked as most important risk factor, followed by Suicidal Ideation, Previous Attempts, Level of Mood and Affect, Quality of Relationships, Signs and Symptoms of Depression, and Social Integration. Notes less highly ranked factors and discusses significance of…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Foreign Countries, Psychiatry, Risk
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Brown, Gerald L.; Goodwin, Frederick K – Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 1986
The central nervous system transmitter serontonin may be altered in aggressive/impulsive and suicidal behaviors in humans. These reports are largely consistent with animal data, and constitute one of the most highly replicated set of findings in biological psychiatry. Suggests that some suicidal behavior may be a special kind of aggressive…
Descriptors: Aggression, Biological Influences, Correlation, Environmental Influences
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Asarnow, Joan Rosenbaum; Carlson, Gabrielle – Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 1988
Examined the relative power of measures of perceived family support, hopelessness, and depression for the classification of suicide attempters and nonattempters in a series of 8- to 13-year-old psychiatric inpatients (N=25). Results indicated that a measure of a child's perceived family support discriminated between suicide attempters and…
Descriptors: Childhood Attitudes, Depression (Psychology), Family Relationship, Hospitalized Children
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Khan, Murad M.; Ahmed, Aziz; Khan, Sultan R. – Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 2009
Suicide is an understudied subject in Pakistan. There are many social, legal, and religious sanctions against it. National rates of suicides are not known. We calculated suicide rates of women in the Ghizer District of the remote Northern Areas of Pakistan. During years 2000 to 2004, 49 women committed suicide. Taking average mean population for…
Descriptors: Sanctions, Females, Suicide, Foreign Countries
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Straiton, Melanie L.; Hjelmeland, Heidi; Grimholt, Tine K.; Dieserud, Gudrun – Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 2013
A total of thirty-two women admitted to a general hospital for medical treatment after self-harming completed measures of conventional positive and negative masculinity and femininity. Comparisons were made with two control groups with no self-harm history; 33 women receiving psychiatric outpatient treatment and a nonclinical sample of 206 women.…
Descriptors: Sex Role, Gender Differences, Self Destructive Behavior, Masculinity
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Pompili, Maurizio; Lester, David; Leenaars, Antoon A.; Tatarelli, Roberto; Girardi, Paolo – Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 2008
Shneidman's Psychological Pain Assessment Scale (PPAS; 1999) was administered to 88 psychiatric patients. Both current and worst-ever psychache were significantly higher in those patients judged by a psychiatrist, on the basis of a structured clinical interview, to be at risk of suicide. However, current and worst-ever psychache were not…
Descriptors: Pain, Suicide, Patients, Psychiatry
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Groholt, Berit; Ekeberg, Oivind – Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 2009
The prevalence of mental health and suicidal behavior was examined 8 to 10 years after an adolescent suicide attempt. Of 71 persons, 79% had at least one psychiatric disorder (mean 1.7) at follow-up, most commonly depression (46%), personality disorder (46%), and anxiety disorder (42%). The stability of diagnoses was moderate. The suicide…
Descriptors: Personality Problems, Mental Health, Suicide, Followup Studies
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Pomerantz, Wendy; Gittelman, Michael; Farris, Sarah; Frey, Lauren – Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 2009
To determine changes in rates of drug ingestions in 10-14 year old children in our country, a retrospective chart review of 10-14 year olds hospitalized for drug ingestion between 1993-1995 and 2000-2004 was performed. Odds ratios and Chi-square were used for analyses. From 1993-1995 there were 92.8 ingestions/100,000 children/year; from 2000-2004…
Descriptors: Mental Disorders, Patients, Drug Therapy, Children
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Stepp, Stephanie D.; Morse, Jennifer Q.; Yaggi, Kirsten E.; Reynolds, Sarah K.; Reed, L. Ian; Pilkonis, Paul A. – Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 2008
The relationships among adult attachment styles, interpersonal problems, and categories of suicide-related behaviors (i.e., self-harm, suicide attempts, and their co-occurrence) were examined in a predominantly psychiatric sample (N = 406). Both anxious and avoidant attachment styles were associated with interpersonal problems. In turn, specific…
Descriptors: Suicide, Attachment Behavior, Interpersonal Relationship, Interpersonal Competence
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Betz, Marian E.; Valley, Morgan A.; Lowenstein, Steven R.; Hedegaard, Holly; Thomas, Deborah; Stallones, Lorann; Honigman, Benjamin – Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 2011
Suicide rates are higher at high altitudes; some hypothesize that hypoxia is the cause. We examined 8,871 suicides recorded in 2006 in 15 states by the National Violent Death Reporting System, with the victim's home county altitude determined from the National Elevation Dataset through FIPS code matching. We grouped cases by altitude (low less…
Descriptors: Suicide, Psychological Patterns, At Risk Persons, Geographic Location
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Sarchiapone, Marco; Carli, Vladimir; Di Giannantonio, Massimo; Roy, Alec – Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 2009
We wished to examine determinants of suicidal behavior in prisoners. 903 male prisoners had a psychiatric interview which included various psychometric tests. Suicide attempters were compared with prisoners who had never attempted suicide. Significantly more of the attempters had a history of psychiatric disorder, substance abuse, a family history…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Crime, Aggression, Suicide
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Goodman, Geoff; Gerstadt, Cherie; Pfeffer, Cynthia R.; Stroh, Martha; Valdez, Adina – Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 2008
Forty-three psychiatrically hospitalized prepubertal children were assessed regarding their assaultive and suicidal behaviors. These children were subsequently classified into two groups, assaultive/suicidal (AS) and assaultive-only (AO). AS children had higher aggression and suicidal-scale scores, but not higher depression scores, and were more…
Descriptors: Suicide, Patients, Depression (Psychology), Attention Deficit Disorders
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Slama, Frederic; Dehurtevent, Benedicte; Even, Jean-Daniel; Charles-Nicolas, Aime; Ballon, Nicolas; Slama, Remy – Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 2008
Research on vulnerability factors among ethnic groups, independent of primary psychiatric diagnosis, may help to identify groups at risk of suicidal behavior. French African Caribbean general psychiatric patients (N = 362) were recruited consecutively and independently of the primary psychiatric diagnosis. Demographic and clinical characteristics…
Descriptors: Compliance (Psychology), Psychiatry, Mental Health, At Risk Persons
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