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ERIC Number: EJ947681
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0891-4222
Training with Differential Outcomes Enhances Discriminative Learning and Visuospatial Recognition Memory in Children Born Prematurely
Martinez, Lourdes; Mari-Beffa, Paloma; Roldan-Tapia, Dolores; Ramos-Lizana, Julio; Fuentes, Luis J.; Estevez, Angeles F.
Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v33 n1 p76-84 Jan-Feb 2012
Previous studies have demonstrated that discriminative learning is facilitated when a particular outcome is associated with each relation to be learned. When this training procedure is applied (the differential outcome procedure; DOP), learning is faster and more accurate than when the more common non-differential outcome procedure is used. This enhancement of accuracy and acquisition has been called the differential outcome effect (DOE). Our primary purpose in the present study was to explore the DOE in children born with great prematurity performing a discriminative learning task (Experiment 1) or a delayed visuospatial recognition task (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, participants showed a faster learning and a better performance when differential outcomes were used. In Experiment 2, a significant DOE was also observed. That is, premature children performed the visuospatial recognition task better when they received differential outcomes following their correct responses. By contrast, the overall performance of full-term children was similar in both differential and non-differential conditions. These results are first to show that the DOP can enhance learning of conditional discriminations and recognition memory in children born prematurely with very low birth-weight. (Contains 2 tables and 4 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A