ERIC Number: EJ743994
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Improving Learner Outcomes in Lifelong Education: Formal Pedagogies in Non-Formal Learning Contexts?
Zepke, Nick; Leach, Linda
International Journal of Lifelong Education, v25 n5 p507-518 Sep-Oct 2006
This article explores how far research findings about successful pedagogies in formal post-school education might be used in non-formal learning contexts--settings where learning may not lead to formal qualifications. It does this by examining a learner outcomes model adapted from a synthesis of research into retention. The article first introduces the model. It then explores this model to identify pedagogy suitable for formal education. Next it asks whether this pedagogy may also be appropriate for use in four non-formal learning contexts: community development; adult literacy; workplace learning; and personal interest learning. While it gives a qualified "yes" to the question, it acknowledges some short comings in the pedagogy for non-formal adult learning. Finally, the article attempts to address short comings by integrating a critical dimension into the model, suggesting that learner outcomes in formal education could also benefit from the inclusion of this critical dimension. (Contains 3 figures.)
Descriptors: Lifelong Learning, Outcomes of Education, Informal Education, Qualifications, Teaching Models, Nonformal Education, Community Development, Workplace Literacy, Interests, Adult Learning, Influences
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street, Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/default.html.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Adult Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand