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Chou, Yu-Chi – ProQuest LLC, 2013
This dissertation consists of four chapters. Chapter 1 provides an introduction to the self-determination literature documenting the importance of promoting the self-determination of transition and secondary age students with disabilities, as well as a summary of research examining the self-determination of students with disabilities across…
Descriptors: Self Determination, Disabilities, Transitional Programs, Autism
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De Schipper, J. C.; Schuengel, C. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2010
Background: Attachment research has shown the importance of attachment behaviour for the prevention of dysregulated behaviour due to emotional distress. The support of an attachment figure may be especially important for people with intellectual disability (ID), because they are less adept in dealing with stressful situations on their own. Our…
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Caregivers, Young Adults
Camara, Wayne J. – 1988
Psychological testing has played a major role in the American Psychological Association (APA) because testing and assessment are important aspects of what psychologists do; tests assist psychologists in diagnosis and treatment. From its earliest years, APA has had one or more committees concerned with testing. The present Committee on…
Descriptors: Agency Role, Educational Policy, Psychological Testing, Psychometrics
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Westermann, Rainer; Hager, Willi – Perceptual and Motor Skills, 1983
Two psychological experiments--Anderson and Shanteau (1970), Berkowitz and LePage (1967)--are reanalyzed to present the problem of the relative importance of low Type 1 error probability and high power when answering a research question by testing several statistical hypotheses. (Author/PN)
Descriptors: Error of Measurement, Hypothesis Testing, Power (Statistics), Research Design
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Gate, Michael A.; Watkins, Edward R.; Simmons, Julian G.; Byrne, Michelle L.; Schwartz, Orli S.; Whittle, Sarah; Sheeber, Lisa B.; Allen, Nicholas B. – Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 2013
Substantial evidence suggests that rumination is an important vulnerability factor for adolescent depression. Despite this, few studies have examined environmental risk factors that might lead to rumination and, subsequently, depression in adolescence. This study examined the hypothesis that an adverse family environment is a risk factor for…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Depression (Psychology), Parenting Styles, Family Environment
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Wolfe, David A.; Francis, Karen J.; Straatman, Anna-Lee – Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 2006
Objective: To describe the long-term impact of physical and sexual abuse of boys by someone in a trusting, non-familial relationship. This clinical study reports on the psychological functioning of men (N=76) with substantiated claims against a residential religiously-affiliated institution for multiple and severe incidents of sexual, physical,…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Sexual Abuse, Males, Mental Health
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Mehrens, William A. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1997
There is no agreement at present about the importance or meaning of the term "consequential validity." It is important that the authors of revisions to the "Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing" recognize the debate and relegate discussion of consequences to a context separate from the discussion of validity.…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Testing, Elementary Secondary Education, Test Use
Jakobovits, Leon A. – J Engl Second Lang, 1969
Argues for language tests based on a view of linguistic competence broad enough to recognize the importance of social-psychological factors in the use of language. Paper prepared for a conference on language testing at Idyllwild, California, November 7-8, 1968. (FWB)
Descriptors: Communication (Thought Transfer), Communicative Competence (Languages), Cultural Influences, Language Skills
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Aylward, Glen P.; Gordon, Michael; Verhulst, Steven J. – Assessment, 1997
Relationships among continuous performance test (CPT), IQ, achievement, and memory/learning scores were explored for 1,280 children about 9 years old. Associations among the CPT measures and various cognitive/academic tasks suggest that all require attention and inhibition. The importance of assessing attention and disinhibition in psychological…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Attention, Children, Cognitive Processes
Hood, Albert B.; Johnson, Richard W. – 2002
This book presents information about various psychological assessment procedures that are specifically relevant for practicing counselors. It deals with the use of assessment procedures in the counseling process and emphasizes the selection, interpretation, and communication of psychological test results. The importance of integrating test results…
Descriptors: Aptitude Tests, Career Counseling, Case Studies, Counseling
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Konishi, Chiaki; Hymel, Shelley – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2014
Extending John Bowlby's hypothesis that dysfunctional anger is a predictable outcome of insecure attachments to parents, this study investigated the relationship between current parent-adolescent attachment and both the experience and expression of anger. Participants included 776 students (379 boys and 397 girls) in grades 8-12. As predicted by…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Aggression, Attachment Behavior, Adolescent Attitudes
Rogers, George W., Jr. – 1972
The importance of the written psychological report is explored, and, in particular, its relationship to teachers' needs and requirements is discussed. Additionally, the characteristics of a "good" psychological report are listed, and teachers are advised to use these criteria in evaluating the psychological reports they are receiving.…
Descriptors: Guides, Problem Children, Psychological Testing, Pupil Personnel Workers
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Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Levin, Joel R.; Leech, Nancy L. – Learning Disabilities: A Contemporary Journal, 2003
Because of criticisms leveled at statistical hypothesis testing, some researchers have argued that measures of effect size should replace the significance-testing practice. We contend that although effect-size measures have logical appeal, they are also associated with a number of limitations that may result in problematic interpretations of them…
Descriptors: Intervals, Psychological Studies, Learning Disabilities, Testing
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Pachman, Mariya; Arguel, Amaël; Lockyer, Lori; Kennedy, Gregor; Lodge, Jason M. – Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 2016
Research on incidence of and changes in confusion during complex learning and problem-solving calls for advanced methods of confusion detection in digital learning environments (DLEs). In this study we attempt to address this issue by investigating the use of multiple measures, including psychophysiological indicators and self-ratings, to detect…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Cognitive Processes, Electronic Learning, Problem Solving
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Langdon, Susan W.; Preble, William – Adolescence (San Diego): an international quarterly devoted to the physiological, psychological, psychiatric, sociological, and educational aspects of the second decade of human life, 2008
There are several avenues of inquiry that seek to understand and ameliorate the problem of bullying in schools, including the strategy of fostering respect. To date, however, there is little empirical literature testing the presumed relationship between respect and bullying. This study examined this relationship with surveys (N = 3,147) and…
Descriptors: Bullying, Peer Relationship, Aggression, Antisocial Behavior
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