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ERIC Number: EJ893193
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1070-5511
Residual Structures in Latent Growth Curve Modeling
Grimm, Kevin J.; Widaman, Keith F.
Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v17 n3 p424-442 2010
Several alternatives are available for specifying the residual structure in latent growth curve modeling. Two specifications involve uncorrelated residuals and represent the most commonly used residual structures. The first, building on repeated measures analysis of variance and common specifications in multilevel models, forces residual variances to be invariant across measurement occasions. The second, generally arising from structural equation modeling perspectives, allows residual variances to be freely estimated across occasions. Usually an afterthought, alternate specifications of the residual structure can have sizable effects on variance and covariance estimates for the intercept and slope factors (Ferron, Dailey, & Yi, 2002; Kwok, West, & Green, 2007; Sivo, Fan, & Witta, 2005), the fit of the model, and model convergence. We propose additional residual structures in latent growth modeling arising from ideas regarding growth curve reliability. These structures allow residual variances to change across time, but in constrained ways. We provide three illustrations and highlight the importance of focusing on residual structures in latent growth curve modeling. (Contains 1 figure and 4 tables.)
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey; National Longitudinal Survey of Youth; Peabody Individual Achievement Test; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305A060021