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ERIC Number: EJ1052996
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0190-4922
Predictors of Choral Directors' Voice Handicap
Schwartz, Sandra
Contributions to Music Education, v39 n1 p117-131 2012-2013
Vocal demands of teaching are considerable and these challenges are greater for choral directors who depend on the voice as a musical and instructive instrument. The purpose of this study was to (1) examine choral directors' vocal condition using a modified Voice Handicap Index (VHI), and (2) determine the extent to which the major variables influencing vocal health (age, gender, years of teaching, and vocal health training) predicted VHI scores. Results indicated no significant differences between VHI scores of male and female choral directors. VHI reliability was high and although the major variables influencing vocal health failed to predict VHI scores, the topic of teachers' voice problems is abundant in the literature. Choral directors' scores on the modified VHI, a self-report tool, may signify a lack of awareness or willingness to reveal information. Further research about functional vocal changes of choral directors is needed in order to preserve quality of life and job efficacy.
Ohio Music Education Association. Cleveland State University, 2121 Euclid Avenue MU332, Cleveland, OH 44115. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education; Middle Schools; Junior High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Florida; Maryland; Nevada; North Carolina; South Carolina