ERIC Number: EJ1084689
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Patterns and Factors of High School Dropout Risks of Racial and Linguistic Groups
Kim, Sunha; Chang, Mido; Singh, Kusum; Allen, Katherine R.
Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, v20 n4 p336-351 2015
This study examined the dropout trajectories of racial and linguistic minority students and explored the effects of students' contextual factors on their high school dropout risks. Our motivation was to identify the dropout patterns of Black, Hispanic, and Hispanic English language learner (ELL) students, who have comparatively high dropout rates, and to suggest ways to promote high school completion. We employed a survival analysis using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (NLSY97) from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The results showed that the 3 minority groups displayed significantly higher dropout risks than the White group. The overall pattern of dropout risks increased over time, with the dropout rates of the Black students high in the 1st and 2nd years of high school and the highest dropout rates for Hispanic ELL students in their senior year. A gender difference was found among the students, with male students having higher dropout risks than female students. It was also found that students' positive relationships with their teachers were associated with lower dropout risks.
Descriptors: Racial Differences, Minority Group Students, Dropouts, At Risk Students, Language Minorities, High School Students, African American Students, Hispanic American Students, English Language Learners, Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, White Students, Student Characteristics, Gender Differences, Teacher Student Relationship
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Survey of Youth