ERIC Number: ED308985
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Chinese-American and European-American Mothers and Infants: Cultural Influences in the First Three Months of Life.
Kuchner, Joan F.
This study explores cultural influences in the first three months of life by comparing the daily experiences of first generation Chinese-American and European-American infants whose parents were born in the United States. The study focused on 10 Chinese-American and 10 European-American families whose mothers were recruited during the third trimester of pregnancy. Observations were conducted in the home when the infants were 3 weeks, 1 month, 2 months and 3 months old. Some of the findings of the study include: (1) mothers from Chinese and European backgrounds provided similar amounts of attention in caring for the infant's biological needs; (2) European-American mothers consistently introduced change and novelty into the microcosm of the infant's day, whereas Chinese-American mothers did not spend as much time redirecting the infant's attention or behavior; (3) European-American mothers modulated their behavior according to their infant's activity level, vocal output, and patterns of orality; (4) Chinese-American infants spent less time attending to people and smiling than did European infants of the same age; (5) European-American mothers more frequently used kissing to show affection than did their Chinese-American counterparts; and (6) Chinese-American and European-American mothers demonstrated few differences in the presence of a crying baby. (RJC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A