ERIC Number: EJ1073407
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Inhibition: Mental Control Process or Mental Resource?
Im-Bolter, Nancie; Johnson, Janice; Ling, Daphne; Pascual-Leone, Juan
Journal of Cognition and Development, v16 n4 p666-681 2015
The current study tested 2 models of inhibition in 45 children with language impairment and 45 children with normally developing language; children were aged 7 to 12 years. Of interest was whether a model of inhibition as a mental-control process (i.e., executive function) or as a mental resource would more accurately reflect the relations among mental-attentional (M) capacity, inhibition, updating, shifting, and language competence. Children completed measures of M-capacity (in the verbal and nonverbal domains), inhibition, updating, shifting, and language. Path analyses showed the data provided a poor fit to the model of inhibition as a mental-control process but a good fit to the model of inhibition as a mental resource. Results are consistent with the theory of constructive operators and suggest inhibition is a mental resource rather than a mental-control process.
Descriptors: Inhibition, Children, Language Impairments, Comparative Analysis, Preadolescents, Executive Function, Cognitive Processes, Attention, Language Skills, Verbal Ability, Nonverbal Ability, Path Analysis, Models, Intelligence Tests, Vocabulary, Short Term Memory, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Test of Language Development; Trail Making Test