ERIC Number: EJ1128343
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
A Multilevel, Statewide Investigation of School District Anti-Bullying Policy Quality and Student Bullying Involvement
Gower, Amy L.; Cousin, Molly; Borowsky, Iris W.
Journal of School Health, v87 n3 p174-181 Mar 2017
Background: Although nearly all states in the United States require school districts to adopt anti-bullying policies, little research examines the effect of these policies on student bullying and health. Using a statewide sample, we investigated associations between the quality of school district anti-bullying policies and student bullying involvement and adjustment. Methods: School district anti-bullying policies (N = 208) were coded for their quality based on established criteria. District-level data were combined with student reports of bullying involvement, emotional distress, and school connectedness from a state surveillance survey of 6th, 9th, and 12th grade students (N = 93,437). Results: Results indicated that policy quality was positively related to bullying victimization. Furthermore, students reporting frequent perpetration/victimization who also attended districts with high-quality policies reported more emotional distress and less school connectedness compared with students attending districts with low quality policies. Although statistically significant, the magnitude of these associations was small. Conclusions: Having a high-quality school district anti-bullying policy is not sufficient to reduce bullying and protect bullying-involved young people. Future studies examining policy implementation will inform best practices in bullying prevention.
Descriptors: Bullying, Board of Education Policy, School Districts, Student Behavior, Program Effectiveness, Coding, Student Surveys, Grade 6, Grade 9, Grade 12, Victims, Statistical Analysis, Intervention, Prevention
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 6; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Grade 9; Junior High Schools; Secondary Education; High Schools; Grade 12
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS); Health Resources and Services Administration (DHHS), Bureau of Health Workforce
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: T32HP22239