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ERIC Number: EJ819717
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Apr
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1464-7893
Private Speech in Ballet
Johnston, Dale
Research in Dance Education, v7 n1 p3-14 Apr 2006
Authoritarian teaching practices in ballet inhibit the use of private speech. This paper highlights the critical importance of private speech in the cognitive development of young ballet students, within what is largely a non-verbal art form. It draws upon research by Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky and contemporary socioculturalists, to establish the relationship between speech and the use of cultural tools. It supports the notion that speech and actions necessarily form an inseparable alloy in the development of higher mental functions and abstract intelligence, which include ballet and choreography. This paper concludes with the assertion that limiting the use of private speech in ballet training has a detrimental impact upon student cognition. In order for young ballet students to think effectively, they must be encouraged to use all the "tools of the mind" at their disposal, particularly private speech.
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A