ERIC Number: EJ1142439
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Early Predictors of First-Year Academic Success at University: Pre-University Effort, Pre-University Self-Efficacy, and Pre-University Reasons for Attending University
van Herpen, Sanne G. A.; Meeuwisse, Marieke; Hofman, W. H. Adriaan; Severiens, Sabine E.; Arends, Lidia R.
Educational Research and Evaluation, v23 n1-2 p52-72 2017
Given the large number of dropouts in the 1st year at university, it is important to identify early predictors of 1st-year academic success. The present study (n = 453 first-year students) contributes to literature on the transition from secondary to higher education by investigating how the non-cognitive factors "pre-university" effort and "pre-university" academic self-efficacy influence 1st-year retention at university. In addition, we examined "pre-university" reasons for attending university and whether these reasons were related to 1st-year retention. Multinomial logistic regression analyses showed that pre-university effort positively predicted 1st-year retention, whereas pre-university academic self-efficacy did not. With exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis, we identified six pre-university reasons for attending university: career perspective, personal development, compliance with the social environment, attractiveness of the institution, recommended by others, and location. None of the pre-university reasons appeared to significantly predict 1st-year retention. Implications for research and practice are discussed.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Freshmen, Predictor Variables, Academic Achievement, Prior Learning, Academic Persistence, Self Efficacy, Student Motivation, Academic Aspiration, Multiple Regression Analysis, School Holding Power, Factor Analysis, Occupational Aspiration, Student Development, Social Influences, Social Environment, Institutional Characteristics, Reputation, School Location
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands