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ERIC Number: EJ936561
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 40
ISSN: ISSN-0098-9495
Estimating Resource Costs of Levy Campaigns in Five Ohio School Districts
Ingle, W. Kyle; Petroff, Ruth Ann; Johnson, Paul A.
Journal of Education Finance, v37 n1 p52-71 Sum 2011
Using Levin and McEwan's (2001) "ingredients method," this study identified the major activities and associated costs of school levy campaigns in five districts. The ingredients were divided into one of five cost categories--human resources, facilities, fees, marketing, and supplies. As to overall costs of the campaigns, estimates ranged from a low of $9,164-$13,027 (District C) to a high of $121,053-$154,072 (District E). Costs per resident ranged from $1.35-$1.69 (District A) to $2.55-$3.25 (District E). However, costs per student ranged from a low of $6.55-$9.31 (District C) to a high of $17.54-$22.33 (District E). We find that community volunteers--and especially student volunteers--can be a valuable resource in that they incur lower costs than central office campaigns whose administrative salaries drive up opportunity costs. (Contains 3 tables, 2 figures, and 2 footnotes.)
University of Illinois Press. 1325 South Oak Street, Champaign, IL 61820-6903. Tel: 217-244-0626; Fax: 217-244-8082; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ohio