ERIC Number: ED516082
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Investing in Kids: Early Childhood Programs and Local Economic Development
Bartik, Timothy J.
W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research
Early childhood programs, if designed correctly, pay big economic dividends down the road because they increase the skills of their participants. And since many of those participants will remain in the same state or local area as adults, the local economy benefits: more persons with better skills attract business, which provides more and better jobs for the local economy. Bartik measures ratios of local economic development benefits to costs for both early childhood education and business incentives. He shows that early childhood programs and the best-designed business incentives can provide local benefits that significantly exceed costs. Given this, states and municipalities would do well to adopt economic development strategies that balance high-quality business incentives with early childhood programs. The following chapters are contained in this book: (1) Introduction; (2) The Nature and Importance of Local Economic Development Benefits, and How They Are Affected by Labor Demand and Labor Supply; (3) Estimated Economic Development Effects of Well-Designed Business Incentive Programs; (4) The Economic Development Effects of High-Quality Early Childhood Programs; (5) Design Matters: What Features of Business Incentive Programs and Early Childhood Programs Affect their Economic Development Benefits? (6) Dealing with the Known Unknowns: How Policymakers Should Deal with Dueling Estimates from Researchers; (7) Bringing the Future into the Present: How Policymakers Should Deal with the Delayed Benefits of Early Childhood Programs; (8) Who Benefits? Distributional Effects of Early Childhood Programs and Business Incentives, and their Implications for Policy; (9) Locality Matters: How Economic Development Benefits Vary in Diverse Local Economies; (10) The National Perspective: How Local Business Incentives and Early Childhood Programs Affect the National Economy; (11) The Ethics of Early Childhood Programs and Business Incentives; (12) Extending Economic Development Analysis to Other Human Development Programs: Education, Public Health, Crime Reduction; and (13) Thinking and Acting Locally: What Potential Is There for Local Support for High-Quality Early Childhood Programs? Technical appendixes are contained in a separate, supplemental file.
Descriptors: Economic Development, Early Childhood Education, Young Children, Cost Effectiveness, Labor Supply, Supply and Demand, Incentives, Business, Educational Quality, Ethics, Public Policy, Economics, Education, Public Health, Crime Prevention, Differences, Local Issues
W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research. 300 South Westnedge Avenue, Kalamazoo, MI 49007-4686. Tel: 888-227-8569; Tel: 269-343-4330; Fax: 269-343-7310; Web site: http://www.upjohninstitute.org
Publication Type: Books; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research