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Peters, Gregory J.; David, Christopher N.; Marcus, Madison D.; Smith, David M. – Learning & Memory, 2013
The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is known to be critically involved in strategy switching, attentional set shifting, and inhibition of prepotent responses. A central feature of this kind of behavioral flexibility is the ability to resolve conflicting response tendencies, suggesting a general role of the PFC in resolving interference. If so, the PFC…
Descriptors: Memory, Tests, Olfactory Perception, Interference (Learning)
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Harrison, Timothy G.; Smith, David M.; Shallcross, Dudley E. – Acta Didactica Napocensia, 2009
As part of the final year of their undergraduate degree programmes, some chemistry students at the University of Bristol spend time in local primary or secondary schools working on chemistry or chemical education problems. All partners gain from this programme. The students develop many of the transferable skills required by employers in all…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Secondary School Students, Elementary School Students, Science Instruction
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Smith, David M. – CUPA-HR Journal, 2003
As colleges and universities face increased pressure from many directions, HR professionals have an opportunity to strengthen their institutions by recruiting, hiring and training non-academic staff that have the leadership competencies necessary to shepherd the institutions through an era of change. But without a clear model of the optimal…
Descriptors: Personnel Selection, Leadership, Recruitment, Competence
Smith, David M.; Gates, Gary J. – 2001
This report presents information from the 2000 United States Census on gay and lesbian families. It notes that the 2000 numbers for same-sex unmarried partner households are a dramatic increase from 1990, but the total number still represents an undercount of the actual number of gay or lesbian coupled households in the country. The Human Rights…
Descriptors: Demography, Family (Sociological Unit), Homosexuality, Place of Residence
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Damush, Teresa M.; Smith, David M.; Perkins, Anthony J.; Dexter, Paul R.; Smith, Faye – Gerontologist, 2004
Purpose: In our study, we sought to improve the accuracy of predicting the risk of hospitalization and to identify older, inner-city patients who could be targeted for preventive interventions. Design and Methods: Participants (56% were African American) in a randomized trial were from a primary care practice and included 1,041 patients living in…
Descriptors: Older Adults, Urban Areas, Patients, Risk
Smith, David M. – 1982
In television programing, pacing is generally defined as the relative speed with which a program appears to progress or the rate at which its material is presented. A study examined whether a fast-paced news show would produce a higher degree of accurate recall of content than would a slow paced program, and whether differences in pacing would…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, College Students, Higher Education, News Media
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Smith, David M. – International Social Science Journal, 1975
The geographer's growing concern with social issues and public policy provides considerable opportunities and challenges in the field of mapping human phenomena. The author discusses how a geographer's skills can be applied to the description and interpretation of social problems. For address of journal see SO 504 028. (Author/RM)
Descriptors: Geography, Human Geography, Maps, Social Problems
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Smith, David M. – Journalism Quarterly, 1975
While media use, intelligence, and social interaction seem to be related, research suggests that media play different roles with regard to the interaction of children with different IQs. (RB)
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Interpersonal Relationship, Mass Media, Media Research
Smith, David M. – Gazette: International Journal for Mass Communication Skills, 1981
A study of media use by children was conducted to produce an index of fantasy-reality orientation derived from the respondents' stated preferences for media content combined with their responses to a series of open-ended questions designed to tap the gratifications they claimed to receive from the media. Data were collected in three waves, when…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Elementary Secondary Education, Fantasy, Information Sources
Smith, David M. – 1979
Inner City children have been known to experience difficulty in school with their academic programs because they are taught in an environment that is culturally different from the home and community that a child comes from. Thus, an inner city child may be stigmatized as educationally deficient, consequently depriving him of the opportunities to…
Descriptors: Black Culture, Case Studies, Cultural Differences, Cultural Influences
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Smith, David M. – Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 1995
Argues that geography is in a unique position to highlight and emphasize moral issues that otherwise might be neglected. Contemporary issues that naturally intersect with geographic concepts include citizenship and immigration, and the allocation of resources. Recommends examining relative concepts of justice, equality, and community. (MJP)
Descriptors: Citizenship, Citizenship Education, Critical Thinking, Cultural Influences
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Smith, David M. – Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 1992
Discusses distinctions between the anthropology of education and educational research. Although the educationist generally has a technocist view of the reality of schooling (how to do it more efficiently), the anthropologist deals with the relational reality of schooling (what events mean to participants). (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Anthropology, Educational History, Educational Policy, Educational Psychology
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Smith, David M. – Youth and Society, 1987
Addresses the significance of youth as a social category by studying 11- through 16-year-olds in one Scottish city. Examines disjunctions in leisure patterns that coincide with the following variables: (1) age, (2) gender, and (3) class. (LHW)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Behavior Patterns, Foreign Countries, Leisure Time
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Smith, David M. – Youth and Society, 1985
Presents data from a longitudinal study, based on a sample of 632 Aberdeen school children (ages 11-16), on the development of peer and parental influences during adolescence. Reports that parental influence substantially diminished, but it was not replaced by peer influence: deference to parents remained strong over time. (KH)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Foreign Countries, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Influence
Smith, David M.; And Others – 1982
A 2-year study examined the leisure reading of 60 and other language arts instruction in elementary school classrooms in west Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, led to the conclusion that many school practices were based upon assumptions of the out-of-school lives of students that were of questionable accuracy. Consequently, the researchers were asked to…
Descriptors: Asian Americans, Black Culture, Cultural Context, Cultural Influences
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